This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Palestine And The Great Powers Essay

1362 words - 6 pages

In this book Michael Cohen concentrates on the last crucial years of the British Mandate, precisely on 1945-48. This book is a sequel of his earlier volume, the British retreat from the Mandate from 1936-45. The book describes the British, American and Zionist policy making process and these main characteristics and personalities based on mainly primary sources. As a general rule, during these years the British and the United States were constantly negotiating with each other about the problem. They had several committees and plans, take for instance the Anglo-American Report or the Morrison- Grady plan, but they were unable to form an ambiguous policy due to their domestic issues. The ...view middle of the document...

During the War they became bounded to the American financial support and they needed the American approval for their decisions regarding Palestine. The Labour Government won in 1945 and they had to deal with their domestic difficulties, the Palestine problem remained as a secondary issue. Therefore Ernest Bevin, the Foreign Secretary, wanted to give more responsibility to America in the Palestine issue.
The Soviet expansionism dominated the Government’s strategic thinking, they had to bear in mind that the Arab friendship is necessary to keep the Middle East under Western control. Consequently, they were desperately seeking for a solution to which the Arab states would agree. However, the London Conference in 1946 persuaded them that such an agreement is impossible.
In 1944, two members of a Jewish terrorist group managed to assassinate Lord Moyne, the British Minister of State. From this onwards, Jewish terrorist attacks on either the British personnel or on their possessions became permanent. The British forces tried to break down these activists with the Operation Agatha, but the Jewish terrorist groups’ answer was the King David Hotel Tragedy. The Jewish terrorism reached its peak when the Irgun hanged two British sergeants and this proved to be the last straw for the British. It reduced the impotence of their army and administrative system. By the middle of 1947 the British had lost their control over the Mandate. Therefore, they decided to turn the Mandate back to the United Nations. After the decision of the withdrawal, which was also demanded by the British public, the Brits’ actions were dictated by one single preoccupation, the safe evacuation of their administrative and armed forces.
According to Cohen, the Americans became more involved in the Palestine issue with the British weakening. Whereas, they tried to avoid allied cooperation and shared responsibility with the Brits. Although, it has to be said that the presence of a significant Jewish community in the United States had a great impact on the outcome of decision of Palestine, because the vast majority of the American Jews, and some Christian communities, supported the Zionists aims. The Jewish vote also played a crucial role in Truman’s political considerations because his re-election was of the utmost importance.
Furthermore, Truman was unexperienced in foreign affairs and it took time for him to grow into his position. In other words, he was very much dependent on his experts, precisely, on David Niles and on Clark Clifford. Both of them supported the Zionist cause and the partition. Apart from them, Truman also had sympathetic emotions toward the Jewish refugees and for him the situation of the 100,000 Displaced Persons was a cardinal issue. He was considered by some as a “prisoner of the Jewish lobby”, while he indeed wanted to find the right balance between his personal interests and national interests. Although, Cohen concludes that the ultimate decisions were made...

Find Another Essay On palestine and the great powers

The Peace Process of Israel and Palestine

2391 words - 10 pages that left them subject to daily petty humiliation. With the resentment among Palestinians, the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), which was founded in 1964, have launched a series of retaliatory acts in an effort to regain its authority over the land they lost by the decision of the outside world. To a degree, its movement has been highly successful in terms of making the world more aware of the Israeli-Palestine conflict and getting

The Power of Irregular Warfare for Weak Powers Against Great Powers

2272 words - 9 pages Thesis The American Revolution, Algerian, Irish and Peruvian Terror Wars, Vietnam and Afghanistan are perfect examples of how great powers, like the United States, France, and Britain can be defeated by weaker adversaries who employ irregular warfare. It is not the irregular warfare that defeats powers that are greater in number, skills and resources; it is how the great powers prepare and respond to such tactics. Nor does the weaker

The Police Powers of Stopping and Searching

1444 words - 6 pages The Police Powers of Stopping and Searching The police can stop and search any person, vehicle, and anything in or on the vehicle for certain items. However, before they stop and search they must have reasonable grounds for suspecting that they will find:- · Stolen goods; or · An offensive weapon; or · Any article made or adapted for use in certain offences, for example a burglary or theft; or · An

What were the commonalities and differences of Zionism and Arab nationalism in Palestine? - The Israel and Palestine conflict - essay

1818 words - 8 pages Zahraa Choudhury History of Israel and The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Tutor- Fadi Mansour Zahraa Choudhury 638600 What were the commonalities and differences of Zionism and Arab nationalism in Palestine? In order to fully considerate the commonalities and differences between Zionism and Arab Nationalism a clear definition of both needs to be understood. A general definition of Zionism is; a movement that supports a Jewish national homeland in

Isreal and Palestine Conflict in the Film Occupation 101

908 words - 4 pages Israel, Israel was born in 1948 and has been at war with the palestine on and off since and i don't see an end to the conflict anytime soon, the danger for israel isn't outside of its borders its on the inside with constant threat of suicide bombers.On one street in jerusalem there were 3 bombers in one day cause they would set the first on off and then wait for the paramedics then blow up the other the last 15 years there had been 34 terriost

The Powers and Duties of the Public Protector

1337 words - 6 pages The Public Protector’s independence is constantly being questioned and sometimes even challenged. The Constitution states that the Public Protector is independent and is given powers and duties which assist in the exercise of such independence. However, the independence of the Public Protector is limited and thus debatable to a certain extent in that, as an institution, it is influenced by other constitutional structures, and this supports the

The Separation and Balance of Powers in the UK Constitution

1742 words - 7 pages The Separation and Balance of Powers in the UK Constitution “By the latter part of the 20th century the independence of the judges had come under increasing threat from interference by the executive. Recent reforms have, however, served to redress this position and ensure that a proper division of personnel and functions between these two arms of the state is restored. Discuss this statement in the context of the

The legal system and police powers - Legal studies - Assignment

1412 words - 6 pages LEGAL STUDIES: The Legal System Lauren Backhouse Describe the legal powers of enforcement agencies: police, government departments or other authorities. Assess how effectively the legal system balances the rights of law enforcement agencies and the rights of individuals and society. Police are given their powers by the parliament under the Law Enforcement Powers and Responsibilities act (LEPRA). This act was passed in 2002 although it didn’t

The Role and Powers of Lay Magistrates in Criminal Cases

1173 words - 5 pages The Role and Powers of Lay Magistrates in Criminal Cases 1a) Describe the role and powers of lay magistrates in criminal cases. b) Consider whether lay magistrates are adequately trained for their work. 1a) Describe the role and powers of lay magistrates in criminal cases. For centuries the criminal justice system has allowed lay people; people who are not legally qualified to administer justice to the

Seperation of Powers and the Rule of Law

1139 words - 5 pages to define but put simply it is not ‘the rule of men’ and is evident in societies with functioning judiciaries and a clear separation of powers such as New Zealand. It is one of several intrinsic attributes of our constitutional makeup and overall the Judiciary aid in ‘ensure[ing] that the rule of law is maintained’ . The judiciary is both part of and upholds the rule of law, it is however the lesser of the three branches of government yet

Hip-Hop and Politics: Attacking The Political Powers of Government

1747 words - 7 pages African Americans” and Public Enemy wanted to make a statement. They attacked the political powers of the government not through violence and weapons but through music and words. There hit song “Fight the Power” talked about racism and civil rights leaders. Public Enemy was not like the rappers today singing only about women, money, and drugs. Public Enemy focuses on the political aspects and emphasizing their black community. This was the start

Similar Essays

The Rise And Fall Of The Great Powers

1178 words - 5 pages As Paul Kennedy, author of The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers, explains in his opening paragraph, "this is a book about national and international power in the 'modern'--that is, post-Renaissance""period." The book includes information regarding the various "˜Great Powers' and their paths over the last five centuries. Kennedy seeks out how each as risen to prominence and fallen away from power. The book has a great deal to do with the

The Israel And Palestine Conflict Essay

1443 words - 6 pages Mediterranean Sea, and is surrounded by Arabia, Syria, and Egypt. This land has been in the hands of quite a few people; however, the Israel/Palestinian conflict began with the rule of the British mandate during 1922-1947. While the Israelis and the Palestinians both lay claim to the land of Palestine based on historical claims of geography and culture, the increasing religious intolerance on both sides prevents the two from living peacefully side

The Conflict Between Palestine And Israel

2143 words - 9 pages become extremely violent and brutal for both sides. There were two Jewish terrorist organizations called the LEHI and the Irgun. They were killing Palestinian families. That forced the families to flee Palestine and go to other countries to gain safety.23“Dear, Yassin, April 9,1948, the conquest of the village was carried out with great cruelty. Whole families- women old people, children- who were killed, and there were piles of dead.” 24 This

The Question Of Palestine And Israel

1321 words - 5 pages The Question of Palestine and Israel Palestine and Israel seem destined to be enemies forever. There has been conflict for as long as Israel has been a sovereign state, and it does not look to be ceasing anytime soon. Both sides have used questionable tactics, sometimes successful and sometimes not, to become notorious throughout the world. Both sides have created or supported organizations to help fight the other. From even before the