Part I: Palestinian/ Israeli Conflict History
Jews and Arabs had mutual tolerance for each other until Theodor Herzl started the modern Zionism movement ("History 10 Handout" page 1-5). Zionism is the belief that Jews should have their own homeland, and in 1917 the British decided to back Zionism with The Balfour Declaration (Mattar et al. 380-382). After the Balfour Declaration the Jewish people started massive immigration to Palestine and the Arabs living in Palestine strongly objected to this Jewish immigration. A big part of why the British decided to back the Jews were that all the Jewish people had to suffer through the years of terror that the Holocaust brought. They needed a place to go and their old Holy land seemed like the perfect place at the time ("History 10 Handout" page 1-5).
The British backed out of Palestine because they were getting complaints from both the Jews and the Arabs. The United Nations made a plan to partition Palestine in 1947, it passed the UN with a two-thirds vote (Brooks, “British Mandate for Palestine: Arab-Israeli Wars” Web). However the Arabs refused to accept the compromise and on May 14, 1948 Israel declared itself a state with the US and the Soviets approval. On May 15, 1948 Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq and Jordan invaded Israel because of its statehood ("History 10 Handout" page 1-5). This started Israel’s War for Independence which was overall a victory for Israel. The soldiers fighting for the invading countries were not experienced in battle and fell to Israel, instead of a clear cut victory they in placed an armistice ("History 10 Handout" page 1-5).
The Israel War for Independence produced over 50,000 Arab refuges and forced most of them to live in rural farming villages known as Kibbutz placed in Lebanon, Syria, and Jordan. One year after the armistice The 1950 Law of Return was issued for Israel and waves of Jews came back to their homeland. This law stated that any one that was Jewish could come back to Israel and be granted instant citizenship. In 1956 Egypt and Israel went to war again over the Suez Canal. Israel easily defeated the Arabs and took control of the Sinai until the UN peace keeping troops came in shortly after the war. The Egyptian president Nasser and the Israelis were in favor of withdrawing the UN troops as soon as possible ("History 10 Handout" page 5-9).
Egypt’s basic objective was the destruction of Israel. With this in mind, a new Arab organization was created, The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) led by Yassir Arafat. The PLO was created in 1964 during a meeting known as the Palestinian Congress in an effort to give a voice to the large number of Palestinians living in refugee camps in Lebanon. ("History 10 Handout" page 5-9)
In 1967 Israel launched a preemptive attack on the Egyptians which launched the six day war. Israel first took out the Egyptian’s Air Force and then when Egypt was invading with tanks Israel picked them off easily. This...