Palestinian Smuggling Tunnels Essay

1204 words - 5 pages

Ever since the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict and the Six Day War in 1967, when Israel occupied the West Bank, East Jerusalem, Golan Heights, Sinai and Gaza Strip, Palestinians have been fighting for their ‘birthright’ country and have unfortunately been pushed into a corner and surrounded by borders by the Israeli’s, unsurprisingly, it has tormented and tested the Palestinians living in these occupied territories with shifting forms of Israeli military and civilian rule , which consequently has sparked major uprisings by Palestinians such as the second Intifada. Moreover, areas such as the Gaza strip in particular, face air strikes and attacks daily. Furthermore, the Gaza strip is where the Rafah Border Crossing is located, one of the main crossings joining Egypt and Gaza. It is this crossing that has faced so much controversy, yet very little improvement. , naturally, it has led to the Palestinian community finding new ways across the border in extraordinary ways, by building smuggling tunnels to combat the infuriating grasp of the Israeli’s and Egyptians, throughout this essay, it will be focusing on how the smuggling tunnels have helped Palestinians to an extent, overpower the Israeli restrictions.

Active warfare between the Israel and neighbouring Arab states of Syria, Egypt and Jordan commenced immediately after the UN Partition Resolution of 29th November 1947 , which split Palestine into an unequal Arab state and a Jewish state. The resolution was accepted by the Jews in Palestine, yet rejected by the Arabs in Palestine and the Arab states . To make things worse, on May 14th, 1948 the British Mandate ended, and Israel proclaimed its independence as a sovereign state within the borders determined by the UN Partition Resolution. Unsurprisingly, the Arabs rejected the partition plan, which subsequently sparked the Arab-Israeli war on the first night of Israel’s independence. The war lasted 13 months, and resulted in 660,000 Jews having their own state and gaining control of 78% of the total land. Furthermore, it turned 600,000 Palestinians into refugees, and left them fleeing to areas such as the West Bank and Gaza Strip. But for the Palestinians, it had only just begun. When 20 years later in 1967, Israel occupied one of the most important places for Palestinians, the Gaza Strip, during the Six Day War which took place from June 5th to June 10th. As a consequence of the Six Day War in 1967, Israel had won control of the Gaza strip through defeating Egypt; and remained directly in charge from June 1967 until approximately May 1994. During this time, around 280 to 325 thousand Palestinians fled from territories occupied by Israel during the war. With around 145,000 of these Palestinians alone coming from the Arab-Israeli war of 48’.

However, in May 1994, after a joint decision between Palestinians and Israeli’s, the Oslo Accords begun, where most of the Gaza strip, apart from Israeli settlements, began to be controlled by Palestinians....

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