Is the treatment of Palestinian Refugees in Egypt ethical? My proposed answer, that the treatment of Palestinian refugees in Egypt is not ethical, may come as no shock to some. While to others, it may seem that my conclusion is extremely peculiar, since I am saying that the “Arabs” in the Arab-Israeli conflict aren’t properly supporting their own. The whole picture however, does not simply put blame on Egypt. We see the evolution of status and rights of Palestinians within Egypt has increasingly diminished over time. And through exploring the issue, we come to realize that multiple actors play a role to Palestinian situation today.
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The first part of the analysis, will explore the history of Palestinian refugees, and under which mandates, in regards to the Palestinian refugees, do the two theoretical frameworks align with. The second part, will focus on immigration, like why it matters, and who deserves the rights. The third part, will then explore if there is a moral hazard that is affecting this decrease in rights for the displaced Palestinians. Finally, in my conclusion, I will reinforce how the Palestinians in Egypt are merely a political tool, and suggest possible areas of research.
History: Origin of Conflict
Since 1948, the Israeli-Arab conflict continues to this day with the Palestinian question in the middle of it. But to understand what is exactly taking place, in this section, I will explain the origins of the original displacement of Palestinians. Explain the main international goals of various institutions, by applying MoS and Co theories to these various institutions. Then I will explore the history of displace Palestinians within Egypt to enumerate their lowering socio-political standing.
By the end of the 19th century, the Zionist movement was born, in effort of self-determination for Jewish populations. By 1917, the Balfour Declaration was by the British Government made promising Palestinian land to the Zionist movement, while the land was promised to the Palestinian people from the Ottoman Empire in the Anglo-French Letter of Covenant.3 After events of the Holocaust, in 1947, the UN created Resolution 181, dividing the land giving 51% of it to Israel, and 49% to the Palestinian people.4
This did not bode well, especially since the Arab populations were hugely opposed to this Resolution. It gave more than half of the land to the Jewish population that, at the time, only owned 10%. And the Palestinians, who made up two thirds of the population, were a lot 49% of the land, but almost all the fertile land that was allotted was given to the new Jewish state. This was considered to be a huge infringement on human rights.5
So by the time the plan took place in 1948, all the newly created Arab states waged war on Israel. And so was the birth of approximately 800,000 refugees. In the creation of such a displacement the UN created the UNRWA created to work with local governments to provide economic assistance to help alleviate issues of the new refugee crisis. The UNRWA operated in Gaza, West Bank, Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon. In 1951, the UNHCR was created to not just provide economic relief, but also protections for refugees, which included freedom of mobility, and rights to employment. However, the UNHCR did not apply to countries that UNRWA operated under. Leaving Egypt the only country with Palestinian refugees from the initial...