Nurse educators lay the groundwork when preparing to teach nursing classes. When considering curriculum development there are several things to keep in mind such as making the nursing classes as useful and interesting as possible, and also want ensuring that the information is inclusive of current standards of care, that is comprehendible for the learner. According to Billings and Halstead (2009) the design of curricula is to provide a sequence of learning experiences that enables the student learner to achieve educational outcomes and desires. Critical choices are made along with creative approaches necessary to enhance student's cognitive abilities and receptivity. A fundamental question for faculty is to ask what will the students learn and know upon completion of their educational experience. Debate and discussion continues concerning the technical elements that should be present in nursing education, the temptation to base curricular decisions on technical knowledge, overlooking the relevance of other elements, is short sighted. The purpose of this paper is to critically examine the aspects of curriculum development for establishment a new School of Nursing release of the schools Palliative Care Curricula.
Educational Needs and Rationale
The steps and tasks inherent in the three curriculum development phases are planning, design and application. Curriculum development ought to proceed according to a clear curriculum development strategy. Such a strategy could be established through a curriculum development model. A curriculum development model will guide nurse educators through the curriculum development process to ensure that curriculum development is conducted systematically and comprehensively. The majority of society's deaths occur in a health care environment. Nurses are the health care professionals that spend a large proportion of time with patients who have a terminal condition and their families. This is regardless of whether a death occurs in acute care, hospice, residential aged care or community settings. The number of nurses that specialize in palliative care or who are certified is increasing however, it is essential that nursing education prepares graduates to achieve the core capabilities required for the delivery of best evidenced based palliative care. This reality makes the integration of palliative care content into the undergraduate nursing curricula an important priority.
Adopting an interactive approach where palliative care content is spread across multiple units will provide opportunities for undergraduate nursing students to successively build and strengthen their palliative care capabilities. The student learner will exceed the basic or simple understanding of the stages of grief model of Kubler-Ross on death and dying. The learner will appreciate and understand the unique diverseness of each patient or client.
Learning objectives of the...