This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Pancreatitis Case Study

821 words - 4 pages

The pancreas is a large glandular organ that is located behind the stomach. The main functions of the pancreas is to release the hormones insulin and glucagon into the bloodstream and secrete powerful digestive enzymes which enter the small intestine to help the digestion of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Pancreatitis is a rare digestive disorder that occurs due to the inflammation of the pancreas. The pancreas gets damaged because the body is unable to secrete enough digestive enzymes to break down foods.

The symptoms of acute pancreatitis and chronic pancreatitis are shown below:

Acute pancreatitis:
• Upper abdominal pain that radiates into the back
• Swollen & tender abdomen
• Nausea and vomiting
• Fever
• Increased heart rate

Chronic pancreatitis:
• Constant pain that radiates in the upper abdomen that
• radiates into the back
• Weight loss
• Diabetes (if the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas
become damaged)
• Indigestion
• Diarrhea

Image above depicts the location of the pancreas in the human body.

There are two forms of pancreatitis. They include acute pancreatitis and chronic pancreatitis.

Acute pancreatitis:
Acute pancreatitis is a sudden inflammation of the pancreas for a short period of time. Heavy alcohol use, medications, metabolic disorders, gallstones and etc. usually cause acute pancreatitis.

Chronic pancreatitis:
Chronic pancreatitis is an ongoing inflammation of the pancreas, which is caused by overuse of alcohol, cystic fibrosis, certain medications, high triglycerides and etc.


Demographically, the risk of getting pancreatitis increases with age. The incidence rate is approximately 20 cases per 100 000 people. Statistically, males are prone to getting pancreatitis compared to women. The high mortality rate for acute pancreatitis is in the United States.

Patients with pancreatitis can be diagnosed in several
ways. One of the ways is through ultrasounds & CT scan (computed tomography scan), in which images of the pancreas are produced to detect any abnormalities. Another way is through ECRP, which stands for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography.
ECRP is a technique, which combines the use of endoscopy and fluoroscopy and it is used to view the pancreatic and bile ducts using contrast and X-rays.

Image above depicts an endoscope placed in the duodenum.

• Chronic pancreatitis occurs in two-thirds of cases of people who have a history of heavy drinking

• Approximately 20, 000 people with acute pancreatitis were admitted to hospital in England during 2011and 2012

• People can get pancreatitis through scorpion stings

Individuals with acute pancreatitis are treated via intravenous fluids and pain medications in the hospital. Some patients may have...

Find Another Essay On Pancreatitis Case Study

Liraglutide: Novel treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

2208 words - 9 pages alterations in pharmacokinetics in regards to race or ethnicity. Additionally, there are no changes in pharmacokinetics in on patients aged 65 to 85 years. Use of liraglutide is not currently recommended in product literature for use in pediatrics. There are no currently published studies on this use in this population. Off-label use is described in one pediatric patient in a case study reported (Micale, Kane, & Hogan, 2013). Additional

The Concept of Self-Efficacy Essay

1853 words - 7 pages fellowship he has in his program and further develops new coping skills that he is able to apply to life’s stressful situations. A borderline case might be one in which a patient is drinking excessively and develops pancreatitis. The doctor warns him that he cannot drink alcohol any longer. He is offered a treatment program to learn how to remain abstinent from alcohol. He refuses and believes he can stop on his own. He remains abstinent

obesity and immunity

1303 words - 6 pages other respiratory tract infections.37 Other obesity-associated conditions include skin infections, especially cellulitis. Moreover, a recent study showed that there was an apparent increase in cases of Herpes Simplex Virus-1 (HSV-1) infection too.33 When coming to antimicrobial (ATM) therapy, obesity affects the volume of distribution (Vd) of drugs, increasing it in case of lipophilic ATMs (e.g. fluorquinolones), and decreasing it in case of

Drug Abuse

1297 words - 5 pages Drug Abuse      After reviewing the case study provided it is very evident that Matt has a substance abuse problem. He is a college student who is struggling to find a sense of belonging. He spends a great deal of time alone worrying about the financial burden he is placing on his family. His mother currently reported concern with Matt’s drinking habits, because her husband is a recovering alcoholic. His friends and roommate are suspicious

Alexander The Great: Shaping A World

2413 words - 10 pages . New York, 1969. Popovic, J.J.. Alexander the Great, online: available at: http://1stmuse.com Sbarounis, C.N.. Did Alexander the Great Die of Acute Pancreatitis? Journal Of Clinical Gastroenterology, 24(4), 1997, pp. 294-296. Snyder, John William. Alexander the Great. New York, 1966 Tarn, W.W.. Alexander the Great. Boston, 1968. Thomas, K.R.. A Psychoanalytic Study of Alexander the Great. Psychoanalytical Review, 82(6), 1995, pp. 859-901.

The study of Psychology

2130 words - 9 pages Psychology is the scientific study of human and animal behavior. It is made of theories and tries to prove why we behave the way we do, our mental processes, our emotions, and our actions. In this writing assignment I will discuss why some people choose to behave so outrageous that we see it as abnormal self-destructive behavior and why others try to fit in this society and follow the rules. In the United States there's people from all over the

Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse

1780 words - 8 pages suitable candidates for transplant. This screening addresses any coexisting medical problems, such as heart damage, cancer, pancreatitis, and osteoporosis, which might influence the outcome of the transplant. Patients are told to stop drinking before any transplant will be carried out. For transplantation to be successful in alcoholic patients, he or she must stop drinking after the surgery. A new study published August 19 in the American Journal of

Gastrointestinal and nutritional assessment

2984 words - 12 pages , dementia, myopathy, Parkinson's disease', 'gastro intestinal disease, mild pancreatitis' or for 'respiratory failure with prolonged intubations and finally in the case of inadequate oral intake'. Parenteral nutrition should be undertaken in the following circumstances, non-functional GI tract, 'GI surgery, paralytic ileus, intestinal obstruction, severe malabsorption, chemotherapy', extended bowel rest, 'severe diarrhoea, moderate to severe

Body Image

2130 words - 9 pages actively defined the thin ideal as success and treats the body as a commodity. (Rhona MacDonald, 2001) It is evident that the persistent advocating of the media and the society produced a constant pursuit of thinness, which became a new religion. A study conducted by Harvard researchers has revealed the effect of media and magazines on adolescent girls in high schools. The children were exposed to fashion magazines and television commercials, and

Sociological Perspectives on Alcohol Use, Problems, and Policy

2390 words - 10 pages alcohol abuser is at a higher risk for pancreatitis, cirrhosis, hepatitis, stroke, several types of cancer, lack of vitamin absorption leading to malnutrition and chronic diarrhea, coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathy, atrial fibrillation, and high blood pressure than is the general elderly population.”(Fingerhood, 2000) Therefore, “Older heavy users of alcohol are at increased risk for psychiatric disorders including dementia and depression

pancreatic cancer

3035 words - 13 pages connected to smoking. High fat and cholesterol diets, for example high consumption of processed meat, and high alcohol consumption are found to increase the risk for the disease.18, 25 People with diabetes and chronic pancreatitis are also in higher risk for pancreatic cancer. 19 A recent study has suggested that there is an increased risk for people with blood type A, B and AB, compared to blood type 0. 3, 19 Evidence shows that some families have

Similar Essays

Critical Pathway: Pancreatitis, Acute Essay

3720 words - 15 pages . References Atilla, R., & Oktay, C. (2011). Pancreatitis and cholecystitis. In Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide (7 ed.). Retrieved from http://accessmedicine.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=348§ionid=40381455 Browne, G. (2006). Pathophysiology of pulmonary complications of acute pancreatitis. World Journal of Gastroenterolgy, 12(44), 7087-7096. Retrieved from http://www.wjgnet.com: http

The Role Of Essential Amino Acids, Micronutrients And Antioxidant Status In Alcoholic And Tropical Chronic Pancreatitis

742 words - 3 pages pancreatitis in autopsy materials ranges from 0.04 to 5 % (Sarles H, 1973; Skyhoj Olsen T, 1978). Epidemiologic studies based on clinical data are few. The prospective study conducted on the incidence and prevalence of chronic pancreatitis in Copenhangen, Denmark in 1978 to 1979 showed 8.2 new cases /100,000 inhabitants /year and a prevalence of 26.4 cases/ 100,000 inhabitants (Copenhagen Pancreatic Study, 1981). Study conducted in Japan showed

Complications Of Diabetic Ketoacidosis Essay

1110 words - 5 pages treatments is generally predictable: Blood glucose decreases at about 73-100 mg(dl, per hour and ketones are eliminated in 12-24 hours, some symptoms may include: headache, confusion, shakiness, and hunger.” (Peragallo-Dittko). Acute Pancreatitis can be a precipitation factor for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). “One example of a case study was with a 74-year-old female with a 32-year history of type 1 diabetes who presented DKA. Although she had no

Complications Of Diabetic Ketoacidosis Essay

1187 words - 5 pages response to treatmemt is generally predictable: Blood glucose decreases at about 73-100 mg(dl, per hour and ketones are eliminated in 12-24 hours. “ Acute Pancreatitis can be a precipitation factor for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). “One example of a case study was with a 74-year-old female with a 32-year history of type 1 diabetes who presented DKA. Although she had no abdominal pain or tenderness, her amylase and lipase levels were elevated and