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Anxiety Disorder Essay

1219 words - 5 pages

Danielle MontgomeryTerrance YarbroughPsychologySeptember 19, 2014Anxiety DisordersMany people suffer from one of the many types of Anxiety Disorders. According to Psychiatry.org, Anxiety disorders are one of the most common emotional disorders that affect more than 25 million Americans. Anxiety is a normal part of the human process that involves a reaction to adverse reaction due to a stressor. This becomes a disorder when the anxiety induced is "abnormally severe, unduly prolonged, occur in the absence of stress, and are associated with impairment of physical, social or occupational functioning" (Ajel, Baldwin, & Garner, 2008). There are many types of anxiety disorders such as: Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), Phobic Disorders, Agoraphobia, Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD), Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Separation Anxiety and Situational Anxiety. Phobias, OCD, and PTSD are amongst the most common types of disorders experienced by many Americans. These disorders can become very dangerous and detrimental to ones' life. There are possible signs and symptoms as to what causes these disorders. The type of disorders I discussed are ones' that I am familiar with and know someone who has them.According to nimh.nih.gov (National Institute of Mental Health), Scientists are looking at what role genes play in the development of these disorders and are also investigating the effects of environmental factors such as: pollution, physical stress, psychological stress, and diet. Generalized Anxiety Disorder is an excessive, uncontrollable, and sometimes irrational worry about everyday aspects of life.According to nimh.nih.gov, Generalized Anxiety Disorder is a chronic disorder characterized by long-lasting anxiety that is not focused on any one object or situation. Those suffering from generalized anxiety disorder experience non-specific persistent fear and worry, and become overly concerned with everyday matters. According to Schacter, Gilbert, and Wegner's book Psychology: Second Edition, generalized anxiety disorder is "characterized by chronic excessive worry accompanied by three or more of the following symptoms: restlessness, fatigue, concentration problems, irritability muscle tension, and sleep disturbance". Generalized Anxiety Disorder is the most common Anxiety Disorder to affect older adults. A diagnosis of GAD is made when a person has been excessively worried about an everyday problem for six months for or more. Typically it begins around 8 to 9 years of age.Phobias are one of the largest categories of anxiety disorders, which includes all cases in which fear and anxiety is triggered by a specific stimulus or situation. Between 5% and 12% of the population worldwide suffer from phobic disorders. Sufferers typically anticipate terrifying consequences from encountering the object of their fear, which can be anything from an animal to a location to a bodily fluid to a particular situation. A phobia can...

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