Pantheon of Rome and the Parthenon of Athens
Since the times of ancient Rome, there has been work of art including architecture. The invention of architectural objects boosted the construction industry and among the results of architecture was building of temples. Since the ancient people like the romans had beliefs in gods, they constructed temples, places of worship. Among them were the Pantheon of Rome and the Parthenon of Athens.
Style of Pantheon of Rome and culture
The temple has a coffered concrete dome of which the romans believed that the temple was dedicated to planetary deities. The pantheon had an Orb which was a simple of the universe and this showed the supremacy of the emperor over the world. Additionally, there were also has seven niches for the altars and statues. At that time there were seven well known planets. Also on the dome, it is seen a central ring of the Oculus which is surrounded by 5 rings of ...view middle of the document...
When it was destroyed under wrath of wars, it was rebuild by Emperor Hadrian and Agrippa’s name was re-used for honor of being the first to build it (Mariamilani, n.d). It was also used as a court place where new laws were issued governing the emperor.
Style of the Parthenon and culture
The Parthenon was build using both Doric and Ionic styles. The Greeks used bulging columns to show masculinity. The Greeks at the time saw themselves as rising towards perfection. Reading through the functions of Parthenon, it depicts the nature of the Athenians as bold people who brag following victory.
Functions of Parthenon
Parthenon was a simple of wealth and power (David W. Koeller, 1999) for the Athenians. The temple was dedicated to the Greek goddess and it was a city symbol of Athens. The Parthenon was also built as a monument to Athena and it had a function of state treasury holding the tax collected from the Delian league member countries. The Parthenon was constructed to show power and strength of the Athenians as they had just defeated the Persians. The temple was also constructed to show gratitude to the god of Athena who had helped them conquer the Persians.
Similarities between Rome and Greece from the buildings
The two buildings are used as houses of prayer, temples. They were also areas of honor to their leaders. Additionally, the two building were constructed after victory in wars. Therefore, they served as a form of power and strength in their respective regions.
Differences between Rome and Greece from the buildings
The pantheon was used as lawmaking house while the Parthenon was not. Additionally, the Parthenon was used as a treasury for tax collection but the pantheon was not for that function. More so, the Parthenon was constructed in honor of Athens god for helping the Athenians conquer the Persians.
In a nutshell, we find that the Parthenon and pantheon were historical state-of-the-art buildings of their time constructed using the latest technology and precious materials. Both of the buildings were used as temples; places of worshiping their gods. However, we also had differences between the two buildings, both in the style of construction and purpose. The two buildings are still historical to date.