This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Pantheon Of Rome And The Parthenon Of Athens

664 words - 3 pages

Pantheon of Rome and the Parthenon of Athens
Introduction
Since the times of ancient Rome, there has been work of art including architecture. The invention of architectural objects boosted the construction industry and among the results of architecture was building of temples. Since the ancient people like the romans had beliefs in gods, they constructed temples, places of worship. Among them were the Pantheon of Rome and the Parthenon of Athens.
Style of Pantheon of Rome and culture
The temple has a coffered concrete dome of which the romans believed that the temple was dedicated to planetary deities. The pantheon had an Orb which was a simple of the universe and this showed the supremacy of the emperor over the world. Additionally, there were also has seven niches for the altars and statues. At that time there were seven well known planets. Also on the dome, it is seen a central ring of the Oculus which is surrounded by 5 rings of ...view middle of the document...

When it was destroyed under wrath of wars, it was rebuild by Emperor Hadrian and Agrippa’s name was re-used for honor of being the first to build it (Mariamilani, n.d). It was also used as a court place where new laws were issued governing the emperor.
Style of the Parthenon and culture
The Parthenon was build using both Doric and Ionic styles. The Greeks used bulging columns to show masculinity. The Greeks at the time saw themselves as rising towards perfection. Reading through the functions of Parthenon, it depicts the nature of the Athenians as bold people who brag following victory.
Functions of Parthenon
Parthenon was a simple of wealth and power (David W. Koeller, 1999) for the Athenians. The temple was dedicated to the Greek goddess and it was a city symbol of Athens. The Parthenon was also built as a monument to Athena and it had a function of state treasury holding the tax collected from the Delian league member countries. The Parthenon was constructed to show power and strength of the Athenians as they had just defeated the Persians. The temple was also constructed to show gratitude to the god of Athena who had helped them conquer the Persians.
Similarities between Rome and Greece from the buildings
The two buildings are used as houses of prayer, temples. They were also areas of honor to their leaders. Additionally, the two building were constructed after victory in wars. Therefore, they served as a form of power and strength in their respective regions.
Differences between Rome and Greece from the buildings
The pantheon was used as lawmaking house while the Parthenon was not. Additionally, the Parthenon was used as a treasury for tax collection but the pantheon was not for that function. More so, the Parthenon was constructed in honor of Athens god for helping the Athenians conquer the Persians.
Conclusion
In a nutshell, we find that the Parthenon and pantheon were historical state-of-the-art buildings of their time constructed using the latest technology and precious materials. Both of the buildings were used as temples; places of worshiping their gods. However, we also had differences between the two buildings, both in the style of construction and purpose. The two buildings are still historical to date.

Find Another Essay On Pantheon of Rome and the Parthenon of Athens

Contributions of Athens and Rome to Modern American Government

1456 words - 6 pages Many factors have contributed to the formulation and construction of modern-day American government. Among these factors, some ancient governments such as Athens and Rome have contributed ideas and structures. Although many differences exist between these ancient governments and America, there are still many similarities. The governments of Athens, Rome, and America have many differences, although Athens and Rome contributed many ideas to the

Ideas of the Parthenon Essay

1429 words - 6 pages crown jewel of Greek architecture, the Parthenon, is one such of these examples. It brings into form the three principal ideas of humanism, rationalism, and idealism of the 5th century Greek people through not only its structure, but its ornamentation and sculpture as well. The basis of humanism can be summed up in the words of Protagoras, “Man is the measure of all things.” Humanism is the idea that human beings are the yardstick by with to

The Significance of the Parthenon

899 words - 4 pages Parthenon; this task was an effort by the whole of Athens. [4: Hadingham, Evan "Unlocking the Mysteries of the Parthenon" Smithsonian Magazine]Figure 4The Parthenon and Athens in Classical Greece Vitruvius wrote that the Parthenon's architects, "intended all of Athens to take part in the Parthenon" The construction of the Parthenon would included efforts by many trades of the Athenian people; from carpenters and marble cutters, to sailors and rope

Athens / Rome Planning and Structure

585 words - 2 pages Athens / Rome Planning and Structure:The history and theories of city form traces how the shapes of cities have been generated by the prevailing contemporary social institutions and technologies of the times.Both ancient Roman cities and ancient Greek cities were similar in that highly symmetrical buildings (based on Platonic geometries -- circle, square, rectangle) were placed onto a complex system of streets. Hence we have the Parthenon

Public Art in Greece: To what extent and in what ways does the Parthenon perform the function of a gigantic billboard for the late fifth century Athens? For whom is it intended?

1808 words - 7 pages The Parthenon (447-432BC) was dedicated to Athena, daughter of Zeus, and she was therefore one of the major figures in the Greek Parthenon. She was the goddess of wisdom, learning, the arts, household crafts and was the patroness and protector of Athens. Thus, Greek society was focused towards a state of enlightenment as opposed to (Persian) barbaric darkness, chaos and violence. It symbolized a civilized world of beauty, stability and harmony

The History and Development of Athens

1007 words - 5 pages (bbc.co.uk 4). They lived in the shadow of the Parthenon and the Acropolis (bbc.co.uk 4). The life in athens in general was interesting. Athens was famed for their art and liturature (bbc.co.uk 5). The people did not pass the time indoors (Nardo 24). Athens also had great poetry, schools and theater (Blackwell 2). The life in Athens was entertaining and fun. Athens had yearly festivals for athletics, drama and religious occasions

the plague of athens

1347 words - 6 pages absence of sewage systems, and other important factors were said to have brought about the plague. It first appeared in the south of Egypt, Ethiopia, Libya, and later on in the Persian Empire, and Rome before arriving in Athens . The disease attacked the population of Piraeus and then travelled to Athens where the death tolls were greater. The plague came back in 429 were it claimed the most lives, and later on in the winter of 427/426 B.C were it

Critical Analysis "The School Of Athens" High Renaissance: Italian (Florentine) "The School Of Athens". 1509-11. Wall Fresco. Signature Room, The Vatican, Rome: Raphael

549 words - 3 pages distinguished Greek philosophers such as Plato, Aristotle (the central figures) Socrates and Euclid. Composition has been ordered brilliantly, clearly revealing his outstanding ability. The placing of each figure and each group combine to produce perfect harmony, order and balance, and, even though some sixty figures are used in the composition, there is no crowding. Therefore painting is asymmetrical. The main focal point of the painting is on

Differences and Similarities of The Women of Athens and Sparta

2439 words - 10 pages in Classical Athens in the Shadow of North-West Europe or in the Light from Istanbul”. Women’s Life in Classical Athens. www.hist.uib.no/antikk/antres/Womens life.htm. Accessed: March 10, 2012 Nardo, Don . Women of Ancient Greece. San Diego: Lucent Books. 2000. Print. Sarah Pomeroy. Goddess, Whores, Wives and Slaves. (New York: Pantheon. 1975, 1976. Print. P. 80 --- Goddesses, Whores, Wives and Slaves: Women in Classical Antiquity. New York: Schocken Books. 1995, 2010. Kindle Edition. Location 2733 of 6360. --- Spartan Women. (New York/Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2002. Kindle Edition.

Jefferson Memorial and the Pantheon

1368 words - 5 pages the Pantheon, especially when viewed from the entrance. So similar is it that some have called the Memorial a "neo-Pantheon" . It is a grave mistake though, to believe that the Memorial is only a copy of the Roman model. No, the Jefferson Memorial is quite unique, and has distinctive differences from the Pantheon. The Pantheon was built in Rome under the patronage of Emperor Hadrian between 125 and 128 CE. It was originally raised on a podium

The Golden Age of Athens

1340 words - 5 pages ” (Hunt 83). Pericles did this to secure high value of Athenian citizenship. However, the Athenians understood that citizenship in Athens is a privilege. It is something that should be cherished and not taken advantage of. Pages 3 &4 Pericles’ The Funeral Oration allowed Athens to thrive in its Golden Age. It helped alter people’s mindsets in a positive manner. The people no longer focused simply on their wants and desires, but on Athens as a

Similar Essays

Parthenon And The Pantheon Essay

768 words - 4 pages . Pantheon - Campus Martius , Rome, Italiya.Postroen in 126 BC. e . when the Emperor Hadrian on the site of the previous Pantheon , built two centuries before Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa . Nature of the interaction with the audience Parthenon - Represents the Athenian model of perfect unity and helps residents of the policy under the auspices of patron goddess of Athens . Pantheon - visually represents social model Imperii.Vozmozhno Roman Pantheon

From Rome To Columbia: A Comparison Of Jesse Hall And The Pantheon

1028 words - 4 pages campus. The Architects Bell and Binder headed the creation of the new building after the First Academic Building burnt down in 1892. Known today as Jesse Hall, this modern day work of architecture pulls many elements from the Pantheon to create a unique work of public space. The most glaring comparison of both comes from the domes that top both buildings. Each building also shares similar characteristics in their front facades. Yet, while there are

Authority Of Imperial Rome And Classical Athens

1584 words - 7 pages class was education. Only the rich were taught Greek. The romans have gladiator fights and chariot races, and Athens have art and theater. Athens was very much distinguished from roman. It was said that Greek is the one who gave Rome culture and a lot of their art is based on the Greeks art. They adopted what the Greeks had and made it into their own. Culture controlled a lot of Athens. It helped people to feel like they had freedom to create what

Rise And Fall Of Athens And Ancient Rome

742 words - 3 pages History has witnessed the rise and fall of many powerful cities, starting with Ur and Babylon and continuing into present day with cities such as New York City. Two of these cities, ancient Athens and ancient Rome, stand out from other cities of their time due to their culture, politics, and influence, both on the world around them and on future civilizations. These strengths qualify them as world cities, and despite their eventual losses of