Photo 1: Tikal Temple I
This temple was one of the major structures at Tikal. Tikal is one of the largest cities during the Mayan civilization. This temple is also known as the Temple of the Great Jaguar. It was called this because it shows a king sitting upon a jaguar throne. This specific temple was limestone pyramid structure. It was created around 732 AD. This building was created on the east side of the Great Plaza in Tikal.
The structure was a funerary temple for a ruler during the classical period. The tomb of the ruler has been located in side of the structure. This type of temple raised nine stepped levels. This is supposed to symbolize the nine levels of the underworld. The pyramid was a shrine of the ruler and a cared wooden lintel.
The lintels were carved from a sapodilla wood and painted red. The front had stone blocks carved to represent the figure of the king. This was a royal tomb for Jasaw Chan K’awiil I. The tomb was discovered in a large chamber within the pyramid and below the level of the Great Plaza. Tikal was once a city with around 90,000 people. This civilization was created during the “Classical” period of the Mayan civilization.
Photo 2: Waist pendant of a Queen Mother, from Benin, Nigeria
The Queen mother was also known as Queen Idia. She was the mother of Esigie, who ruled from 1504 to 1550. Idia played an important role in the rise and reign of her son. Idia was a strong warrior. As the mother of the king she had no other children. This piece of work was created of ivory.
The mask dates back to the 16th century and was made to honor Queen Idia. She was the one who helped him defeat rival kingdoms in battles. She also helped in the expansion of the boundaries of the Benin Kingdom. After his mothers passing King Esigie created the mask that would be worn around the kings waist.
The African world is people-oriented and exists wherever the people are. The African culture believes in the importance of togetherness. The mask is important to the women of Africa because it shows the power of...