Robert C. Davis, Juan Medina, and Nancy Avitabile wrote the research article Reducing Repeat Incidents of Elder Abuse: Results of a Randomized Experiment. Their study focused on Elderly abuse, and whether the public policies that have been set up to combat elderly abuse are effective. More specifically, the authors intended to study whether the New York Model of intervention 1.) Deter violence, as a long term effect, and 2.) Determine the circumstances surrounding elder abuse and determine the services that are needed in those households.
The purpose of the study conducted by the authors was evaluative, and exploratory. Evaluative research is research that intended to analyze the effectiveness of social programs and interventions (Bachman, R. & Schutt, R.K:10. 2014). The authors’ state in the research article that their study is partially focused on the public policies that are in place for combating elderly abuse, therefore the purpose of the study is evaluative (Bachman, R. & Schutt, R.K:10. 2014). Explanatory research looks to determine causes and/or effects surrounding a particular social phenomenon. The authors in this study are attempting to determine the circumstances that lead to elder abuse.
The major concept in this study was domestic elderly abuse, which consisted of several dimensions including: physical abuse, sexual abuse, neglect, psychological abuse, financial exploitation. Domestic elderly abuse is defined as “referring to several forms of maltreatment, physical abuse, sexual abuse, psychological abuse, neglect and financial exploitation of an older person” (Davis, R.C., Medina, J., Avitable, N.: 7. 2001). The authors use a definition given by the National Center on Elder Abuse to define the following dimensions of elder abuse:
Physical abuse is defined as the use of physical force that may result in bodily injury, physical pain or impairment. Sexual abuse is defined as non-consensual sexual contact of any kind with an elderly person. Emotional or psychological abuse is defined as the infliction of anguish or distress through verbal or nonverbal acts. Neglect is defined as the refusal or failure to fulfill any part of a person's obligations or duties to an elder and financial exploitation is defined as the illegal or improper use of an elder's funds, property or assets (NCEA, 1998).
Another major concept in this study is the victim of elderly abuse. The researchers defined a victim as being the age of 55 and older, and as a person who had reported a case of elderly abuse on or between the dates of January 1, 1996 and October 30, 1996. I think the two interventions in this study were also important concepts that the authors needed to define specifically for this study. Public education was defined as consisting of the “distribution of leaflets, hanging of posters, and community presentations” (Davis, R.C., Medina, J., Avitable, N: 22. 2001). The second part of the intervention was the follow-up home visit. These visits were made...