Describe the difference between EMR and Clinical Information Systems (CIS). What are the advantages and disadvantages of CIS’s?
EMR is an electronic record of patient health information that is created by each encounter in any healthcare setting (Menachemi & Collum, 2011). Information in the EMR includes patient progress notes, medications, problems, vital signs, immunizations, laboratory and radiology reports and past medical history (Menachemi & Collum, 2011). EMR is used to organize and manage relevant patient, pharmacy financial, radiological and laboratory information (Burke & Weill, 2009). The CIS is a system based on technology that is applied at the point of care and developed to preserve the acquisition and processing of information (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2012).
Advantages of CIS includes efficient access of patient data at the point of care, information that is easy to access due to being legible and structured, better patient safety, through the identification of adverse drug reactions and high risk patients (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2012). Disadvantages include the implementation of CIS is both costly in money and employee productivity, while implementation and development is in progress (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2012). Additional disadvantages may be privacy and security and resistance from staff to learning something new (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2012). Discussion B
Your organization may still be working on (or has already implemented) implementing an EMR.
• List the risks of not implementing the EMR
The risks of not implementing the EMR are possible misinterpretation of handwritten orders by physicians, an increase in medical errors, and a hard time tracking patients’ medical records. For example, implementation of EMR has been shown to have increased the rate of vaccinations in some hospitals (Menachemi & Collum, 2011). Also, a lower compliance rate with core measures would be a risk to not implementing EMR. The EMR signals a message to physicians to verify that measures are being met. Physicians would not receive these reminders in a paper chart and if they did it would be a very time consuming task for someone to perform.
• List the risks to consider when implementing...