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Conflicts Between Countries, States Or Groups Over Access To A Safe Water Supply

1914 words - 8 pages

Water conflict is a term describing a conflict between countries, states, or groups over an access to safe water supply. Water is a limited resource and in the future access might get worse with climate change, although scientists' projections of future rainfall are notoriously cloudy it is now commonly said that future wars in the Middle East are more likely to be fought over water than over oil. According to UNESCO, the current interstate conflicts occur mainly in the Middle East. Disputes stemming from the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers among Turkey, Syria, and Iraq; and the Jordan River conflict among Israel, Lebanon, Jordan and the State of Palestine. Then Africa has water wars stewing with the intensifying Nile River-related conflicts among Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan. As well as in Asia, where it is predicted that as many as a billion people may be affected by storages of clean drinking water by year 2050, the Aral Sea conflict among Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan bring worry to the natives (Dunn).
Even the United States National Intelligence Estimate predicts wars over water within ten years. The concern is understandable—humanity needs fresh water to live, but a rise in population coupled with a fall in available water resources would seem to be the perfect ingredients for conflict. Although, water wars in United States are not fought in combat or on the battlefields like in other areas of the world they are fought in courtroom and the only people that usually gain from these conflicts are the lawyers. Droughts, blizzards, floods, and more disturbances in our water cycle from climate change have opened up the door to many conflicts for water in just Unites State itself.
One of the first known water war conflicts in US start in1989 when the US Army Corps of Engineers announces the plan to reallocate 20 percent of the water, which normally is severed for power generation in Lake Lanier, into drinking water. This plan was designed to ensure a sufficient amount water supply for metro-Atlanta through the year 2010. After this announcement, Georgia applies for permission to construct a series of regional reservoirs that would circle metro-Atlanta and drought-proof North Georgia. The first of these reservoirs is on the Alabama state line and will seize water from a second major watershed Georgia shares with Alabama, the Alabama-Coosa-Tallapoosa (ACT) River basin. After this happens, Alabama and Florida files suit to stop the proposed reallocation of water from Lanier and raises apprehensions about water withdrawals from Alabama-Coosa-Tallapoosa river basin, as well as Georgia's plans to build regional reservoirs (Dunn). This incident is just an example of the many water conflict cases being fought in American; some include fight for such things as clouds.
Additionally, industrial growth has worsened water scarcity in most areas. Dammed rivers, water diversion for irrigation, the extraction of water from...

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