Role Of Paraeducators Essay

1193 words - 5 pages

In this common adapted physical education (APE) class there are paraeducators who work on every student individually, so they are the ones that spend more time with each student. Although, they are defined as a related service that includes support the student movement and focus, keep the student focus and provide verbal cues. A pyramid going from less supportive to more supportive can be used to determine how to use a paraeducator in a class. The first level of the pyramid is based on a direct support to the student with disabilities. Other studies have shown that direct support decreases social interaction when paraeducators are always too close helping the student. The second level is similar to the first, but the paraeducator helps the student with extra equipment and may be paired with the student for safety. In the level number three the support by the paraeducator is at the top because video modeling is used as an instructional method. In video modeling the paraeducator works in an individual setting watching a video of the skill and helping the child at the same time. In order to complete this process three steps are followed. The first step declares that separating the class according to learner needs and level of support is an important part of modeling. The second step states that media has to be created for the lesson to target the student needs. The third step says paraeducators have to be able to use video modeling, so a designed training is obligatory. This process is enabled by having a well-developed communication between the physical education teacher and the paraeducator. The benefits of video modeling are interesting for the paraeducator. One of the benefits would be keeping the paraeducator busy during the instruction of the physical education teacher. Another benefit would be having this video modeling uploaded to a website for the use of parents at home. It is recommended a little anticipation by the physical education teacher before applying video modelling. This foresight will amplify the success of the instruction because the relationship of the paraeducator and the general teacher will be optimal. During this time the general teacher will ensure that the video modeling is easy to follow by the student with disabilities and by the paraeducator.
In my future classroom I will have students with disabilities and most of the times paraeducators will be helping in the class to support this kind of students. Hence, it is important that the physical education teacher anticipates his instruction for the needs of these students. A physical education teacher has to get involved in the I. E. P. group in order to be updated about the situation of the incoming paraeducator. Paraeducators also have to be involved in the class so that special areas are not a recess time for paraeducators. As a physical education teacher do not be too focused on the use of video modeling or the less supporetive options, start step by step and do not...

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