Paranoia Personality Disorder Essay

1292 words - 6 pages

Because Paranoia belong to personality disorder, is important to understand what personality disorder is. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder (DSM 5, 2013), it is characterized by repeatedly behaviors that differ noticeably from what is expected in the cultural environment of the individual; this behaviors are persistent, steady over the time, inflexible and tend to lead to distress or impairment, as well. Usually, personality disorder start while the person in an adolescent or an early adult. Paranoia belong to the cluster A, which mean that paranoiac person tend to be odd and eccentric. If paranoia belong to personality disorder is redundant to say that ...view middle of the document...

The Individual tend to “reads hidden demeaning”. S/he never forgets verbal abuse, harms or slights made to his or her. The individual notice attacks, whether against his or her status or persona, that are not obvious to others and counterattack quickly and angrily. Last but not less, s/he has frequent doubts regarding to the trustworthy of significant other with baseless. Basically, the behaviors that paranoiac people present are being hyper-vigilant, lack of trust in others and quickness to perceive attacks and counterattack. All these characteristics plays an important role in the way as their interaction with others. For instance, because they are hyper-vigilant, they prone to be in guarded, keep all their stuff in secret, lack of gentle feeling, hostile and sarcastic, ceaselessly. It provokes that others respond to them in a hostile way; behavior that will be used to confirm paranoiac original expectation of the world: dangerous place where everybody is malevolent. Also, the paranoiac people’ personality is shape by their constantly lack of trust. Namely, that’s why, they show a disproportionate need to be autonomous and have a high degree of control over every situation that may happen. In addition, it is common to find this people in frequent legal dispute because their quickness to perceive attack and counterattack (DSM 5, 2013).
Lamentably, there are not enough research about paranoia personality disorder that could explain the reasons why some people become paranoiac while others do not; however, we can say that the cause of paranoia are based on the multi-dimensional approach. This approach states that biological, psychological and social factors play an important role in the development of abnormal behavior. In the one hand, there are research that link paranoia biological causes with schizophrenia’s one, but how I formerly state there are not enough research that support it, yet. In the same line, the psychology approach do not know why these people develop all those fake believes about their world (Durand, V. M., & Barlow, D. H. 2013). On the other hands, family plays an essential role in the development of paranoia in individual according to the practice experience of the psychiatrist Kantor (2004). All what Kantor states, in his book Understanding Paranoia: a Guide for Professionals, Families, and Sufferers, about paranoia can be associated with three psychological theories: operant conditioning, observational learning and inferiority complex. Two out three of this theories suggest that paranoia behavior can be learned.
Operant Conditioning Theory
The behaviorist B.F Skinner through his experiment with what is known as the “Skinner Box” create operant conditioning theory. In general, he states that the consequences that follow our behavior may elicit whether an increase in the behavior’s frequency (reinforcement) or a decrease in it (punishment) (Chance, P., & Krause, M. A. 2009)....

Find Another Essay On Paranoia Personality Disorder

How Willy Wonka Portrays Schizotypal Personality Disorder

1672 words - 7 pages ). Schizotypal Personality Disorder falls under Cluster A based on the eccentric behaviors and mannerisms individual’s display and tends to develop during adolescence. The DSM IV defines a person with Schizotypal Personality Disorder as having social and interpersonal deficits characterized by a lack of close relationships, magical thinking, behavior that does not follow social norms, suspicion and paranoia, an odd, peculiar, or eccentric behavior, and

Don't Be Defined by Personality Disorders

2302 words - 9 pages some form of mental disorder may be the culprit. What many people fail to realize is that instead of it being a mental issue, it may be something in their personality. Although mental disorders and personality disorders are associated with one another, clinicians often pay more attention to mental disorders and disregard the fact that a personality disorder may have been the catalyst for the development of a certain mental disorder, such as

Bipolar Disorder

902 words - 4 pages child’s development, personality could be significantly influenced by the bipolar process (Bradfield). Works Cited Bauer, M.S., Kurtz, J.W., Rubin, L.B., and Marcus, J.G. (1994). Mood and Behavioral effects of four-week light treatment in winter depressives and controls. Journal of Psychiatric Research. 28, 2: 135-145. Bradfield, B. (2010). Bipolar mood disorder in children and adolescents: In search of theoretic, therapeutic and

Turbulence in the Mind

2226 words - 9 pages Although it is more common than schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, borderline personality disorder is considered to be “under the radar”. However it affects an estimated 6 percent of the population, over eighteen million Americans; and recent studies show that this is an understatement. The individuals suffering from borderline personality disorder are only victims of their environment, their family background coupled with their genetic

Robert Wrhinghim in James Hogg's Novel, The Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner

1222 words - 5 pages sinners not chosen to be saved. I believe that a combination of factors involving both nurture and nature shape Wringhim into the suffering creature that he becomes. The greatest of these factors include Paranoia Schizophrenia, Multiple Personality Disorder, and the rejection of society.      To my limited medical knowledge, I understand Wringhim to suffer from a severe case of Paranoia Schizophrenia among other forms of mental illnesses. There is

understanding delusions

2166 words - 9 pages used as a generic name for mental illness. In 1863, Karl Kahlbaum introduced the concept of paranoia as a separate mental illness: "a form of partial insanity which, throughout the course of the disease, principally affected the sphere of the intellect" (Manschreck, 2000). The seminal work with regard to what would become the frame for delusional disorder came the German Psychiatrist Emil Kraepelin(1899). Clinical observation led him to the

Diagnosis and Treatment Planning in Counseling

1229 words - 5 pages and tends to be associated with paranoia. Schizoid Personality Disorder -pervasive pattern of detachment form social relationships and a restricted range of expression of emotions in interpersonal settings. Four or more: -neither desire nor enjoys close relationships including being part of a family -almost always chooses solitary activities -has little, if any, interest in having sexual experiences with another person. -takes pleasure in

Poe and Hitchcock

676 words - 3 pages multiple personalities; also known as Split Personality Disorder. This also happens in “ The Tell Tale Heart”. In the story, the narrator is extremely obsessed with the old man’s eye. He sees the eye as evil and it fabricates a strong sense of paranoia for the narrator so much that he begins stalking the old man at night because of his obsessive with the eye. He eventually murders the old man. This extreme case of paranoia is a symptom of Schizophrenia

Hello There

773 words - 4 pages Personalities are diverse and can reach points where they alter and twist into different forms. They can become something completely different, not even resembling their original states. Some might say that changes are bad, as the original person who has faded and become someone else. That isn’t all though, there are even illnesses, disorders that affect and distort personalities. Depression, bipolar disorder, and paranoia are examples of these

Don Quixote

566 words - 2 pages passionate commitment to "Knight errantry", he acts a bit rash however, this helps him understand and learn to stable his unusual behavior.Don Quixote also possesses a paranoia personality disorder that was known for his strange behavior. He displays all signs from his suspicions of others to his inability to take the blame for his actions. At the point in his life when he began reading about knight errantry, Quixote was searching for meaning. His

Schizophrenia in The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Perkins Gilman

978 words - 4 pages the story itself. "The Yellow Wall-Paper," written in first-person narrative, charts the psychological state of the protagonist as she slowly deteriorates into schizophrenia (a disintegration of the personality). Schizophrenia manifests itself through a number of symptoms. One of the first symptoms that the narrator in "The Yellow Wall-Paper" exhibits is thought disorder. Thought disorder can range in severity anywhere from a vague muddiness

Similar Essays

Paranoid Personality Disorders Essay

812 words - 3 pages talking to the individual with the disorder, the therapist may gain enough trust to help reduce the paranoia. However, if the therapist breaks the trust, hopes of recovery may be extremely slim, for it would only give support to the paranoia the patient already has.      Hopefully, in the near future, there will be another form of treatment that can cure, or at least come close to curing the Paranoid Personality Disorder. The best hope of this lies in scientific research upon the brain and the chemicals which control emotions and actions. In doing so, many people who suffer from this disorder may lead a life without paranoia.

Paranoid Personality Disorders Essay

887 words - 4 pages the Paranoid Personality Disorder. The best hope of this lies in scientific research upon the brain and the chemicals which control emotions and actions. In doing so, many people who suffer from this disorder may lead a life without paranoia.

The Trait Perspective And The Ten Personality Disorders

1767 words - 7 pages disorder are placed (Hoermann). First of the disorders of cluster A is paranoid personality disorder. With this disorder, the patient normally has a history of pervasive distrust and suspiciousness of others. He or she will almost always believe the motives of others to be malevolent. Someone with this disorder will have extreme paranoia, causing him or her to think that everyone is out to harm him or her, even though there is no evidence to

Borderline Personality Disorder: Cluster A Or Cluster B

1017 words - 5 pages B disorder, classified for its emotional behavior. After reading about Suzanna’s symptoms and researching the prevalence of psychotic features in the disorder, I feel that these symptoms, such as hallucinations, magical thinking, paranoia, dissociative symptoms, suicidal ideation, and impulsive behavior, merit a deeper look into the possibility that BPD may in fact be a cluster A personality, classified as the odd, eccentric cluster. It includes