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Parents' Attitudes Toward First Language Acquisition For Their Children: A Case Study Of Indian Immigrant

1613 words - 7 pages

Parents' Attitudes Toward First Language Acquisition for Their Children: A Case Study of Indian Immigrant

Introduction
In this study we explore Indian immigrant parent's attitude towards L1 acquisition for their child and their efforts to help their child acquire the best language whether it is Malayalum as their heritage language or English . Some implications for a complex relationship between the parents in terms of chose L1 for their child are mentioned briefly. Data were collected from an Indian parent(father) who had a child at age of 9 at the time of study using an interview.
Two items designed to obtain information about parents' efforts to help their child maintain the L1 both at home and outside of the home were also included. The findings suggest that Indian immigrant parents are not very interested toward the majority language which is Arabic. Simply, they focus on an international language that is English or a heritage language which is Malayalum .
In the following pages, we will present results from an interesting study exploring Indian immigrant parent attitudes toward heritage language, international language ,and majority language . In addition, we investigate one parent attitudes toward their child's L1 acquisition, Its domains ,and child' future.

participant
One immigrant parent who had a child at the age of 9 participated in this project. The age of participant was 46. He was born in Kirlla and immigrated to Saudi as adult in 2004. Mean length of residence in Jeddah was 9 years. The participant identified Malayalum as his native language. He also identified himself as a Muslim.

Instrument
The interview was divided into four parts: the first part was about language proficiency for the parents and their child, the second part was about how they use the language in various domains. Then, He was asked about the child's future. The last one was about the parents attitudes towards English, Malayalum and Arabic, and the efforts to help the child acquire the best language both at home and outside the home. The interview was conducted at MacDonald's restaurant, and the Interview was audio recorded and transcribed into this report.

Findings
The result indicates that, the child is hugely influenced by his mother rather than his father. Also, he seems to be less ware about the majority language which is Arabic. Throughout the next sections, we will discuss these three areas: language proficiency for the family, language use in different domains and attitude towards heritage language maintenance.

Language Proficiency
The immigrant father came to Jeddah in 2004, and he started learning Arabic six months later. Although he is Muslim, he knew nothing about Arabic, only some Quran reading in order to perform praying. After six months, he acquired enough Arabic to communicate in the daily life. In contrast, his wife has good Arabic, and she was in Jeddah 2 years earlier than him. She is an...

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