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Paris Peace Conference Essay

737 words - 3 pages

It has been almost a century since the first Paris Peace Conference was hold, but even until now, it is a popular yet also controversial event in the history of the world. The Paris Peace Conference took place in 1919 involving more than 1,000 representatives from over 30 nations. The results of the Conference are five treaties regarding terms that, according to the Conference, shall prevent any upcoming conflicts among nations. Although World War II started only after 15 years, nonetheless, the treaties did function as a buffer between countries. Although many resolutions were discussed, the negotiation of the Conference revolves around four main topics, reparation from the previous war losses or limitations on the main Central Power, Germany, self-recognition, President Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points, and the annexation of land.

The war reparation resolution was proposed by both Australia and the United Kingdom, and eventually became Article 231 of Treaty of Versailles. The article assigned complete blame for the war to Germany, required Germany to accept full responsibilities for causing the war, and must pay a set of reparation appointed by the Great Powers. The reparation impositions were considered to be retaliation to the reparation forced upon France by Germany in the Treaty of Frankfurt after the Franco-Prussian War. The recompense form of the war varies among different forms, from coal, steel, and gold, to intellectual property. According to the treaty, Germany will finish paying off the reparation in year 2020. The reparation, no doubt, is only another indirect way of limiting Germany's growth in any field possible and has added another pair of shackle on the already weakened Germany economy, some historians believed that this action has indirectly caused the rising of the Nazi Party, but opinions regarding this issue are still widely divided. Although France and other Allies countries were deeply traumatized from the war, however, their harsh extortion did not assure their safety from Germany whatsoever. In fact, it only seeded Germany's desire of revenge. The French general Ferdinand Foch also criticized the Conference by saying “This is not peace, it's a twenty-years truce.”

Self-recognition was also another main topic discussed in the Paris Peace Conference, over 6 Minor Powers proposed independence and self-determination as one of...

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