This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Parkinson's Disease Essay

1002 words - 5 pages

Young vibrant actor Michael J. Fox is most famous for starring in the Back to the Future trilogy but no one could have predicted what his future had in store for him when he acquired a life changing disease, Parkinson. Living with a disease that has no cure is very troubling to think about but as long as people have hope of coping with it, life may not be too terrible which is why Fox has managed to live 22 years, and counting, happily. Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative brain disorder that as many as 60,000 Americans are diagnosed with each year excluding the thousands of cases that go undetected (2013). This disease was first described in 1817 by James Parkinson, a British physician who published a paper on what he called “the shaking palsy”. Later on his descriptions of the major signs and symptoms of the disease would bear his name (NINDS 2013). As of right now scientists have not found a cure for PD but there are many medications available to treat the symptoms as an alternative to reversing the effects of the disease.
The history of Parkinson’s disease dates far back as to the early Indian civilizations from written descriptions of how people behaved. The disease was first formally described in modern times in “An Essay on the Shaking Palsy”, published in 1817 by James Parkinson, a London physician. John Elliotson, an English physician, made the first claimed cure by suggesting the use of the carbonate of iron. This iron would be essential for the formation of L-dopa later on. In the 1950s the underlying biochemical changes in the brain were identified by Arvid Carlesson, Swedish scientist born in 1963. He developed a method for measuring the amount of dopamine in brain tissues and he discovered that an area of the brain important for movement has particularly high dopamine levels. These findings led other doctors to use L-dopa with patients with PD and found that it can alleviate some of the symptoms in earlier stages of the disease. The first study reporting improvements in patients with PD resulting from the treatment with L-Dopa was published in 1968(Viartis 2013). From then on improvements on medication and surgical procedures were made to decrease the severity of PD’s symptoms and promotion for further research continues to progress.
Diagnosis and symptoms of PD can depend upon the presence of four common motor symptoms. Other types of symptoms include secondary and non-motor symptoms that are of equal importance to treating PD. Primary or motor symptoms include resting tremor, bradykinesia, rigidity, and postural instability. Resting tremors are an early stage of the disease that about seventy percent of people with PD experience. The symptom is a slight tremor in the hand or foot on one side of the body, but less commonly in the jaw or face. The affected body part trembles without control. By moving the affected body part the tremor usually ceases and could be exacerbated by stress or excitement....

Find Another Essay On Parkinson's disease

Symptoms of Parkinson's Disease Essay

1654 words - 7 pages Symptoms of Parkinson's Disease Parkinson's Disease is a degenerative disorder of the nervous system. Parkinson's is a disease that may happen in younger people, but the risk mainly increases with age. This is because many of the cellular systems in the brain are difficult to renew by themselves while there are trillions of nerve cells in the brain to compensate for the loss of these cells. For example, in Parkinson's disease the

The Neurobiology of Parkinson's Disease Essay

1519 words - 6 pages The Neurobiology of Parkinson's Disease In neuroscience it is assumed that the central nervous system governs and defines all aspects of behavior (Grobstein, 1998). Therefore, the brain, the hub of the central nervous system, is responsible for integrating all sensory and motor patterning. To understand the mechanisms of neurobiology it is often useful to observe the nervous system at the level of the neuron. Integration and communication

Parkinson's Disease and Tourette's Syndrome

732 words - 3 pages Parkinson's Disease and Tourette's Syndrome Parkinson's Disease is a literally crippling neurodegenerative disorder, manifested in about 1% of the aged population. People who have Parkinson's Disease gradually lose control of their movements; specific symptoms include, "tremor, slowness of movement, stiffness, difficulty in walking, and loss of balance." (1) Evidence strongly suggests that Parkinson's Disease is the result of severe cell

Parkinson's Disease and Effective Medication

1677 words - 7 pages History of Parkinson's Disease Parkinson's has been around since the beginning of time. However, it has not always been know as Parkinson's disease. A London doctor by the name of James Parkinson first brought attention to the subject by publishing a medical essay. The publication titled "An Essay on the Shaking Palsy" help established Parkinson's disease as an accepted medical condition. Dr. Parkinson intended the publication to spark

Discuss Parkinson's disease and criticize South African Parkinson's Association Phamplet

3910 words - 16 pages In 1817 , a London physician named James Parkinson wrote the first information of Parkinson's disease in his essay of the shaking palsy , and now in just under 200 years it has become the second most common neurogenic disorder affecting approximately 1% of the world population over 50 years old. However very few people know what Parkinson's is and its influence to the everyday life of a suffer. So in this essay critically evaluate the Parkinson

Effects, Cure, and Causes of Parkinson's Disease

1126 words - 5 pages ://www.movementdisorders.org/james_parkinson/life.html http://www.movementdisorders.org/james_parkinson/family_traditions.html http://parkinsons-disease.emedtv.com/parkinson's-disease/who-discovered-parkinson's-disease.html http://www.parkinsons.org.uk/content/dr-james-parkinson http://dsq-sds.org/article/view/3197/3068 http://www.pdf.org/symptoms_secondary http://www.pdf.org/en/about_pd http://www.pdf.org/en/symptoms http

Parkinson's Disease and Other Movement Disorders

2053 words - 9 pages , Huntington's disease, multiple system atrophies, myoclonus, brief, rapid outbursts of movement, progressive supranuclear palsy, restless legs syndrome, reflex sympathetic dystrophy, tics, Tourette's syndrome, tremor, Wilson disease, dystonia, which causes involuntary body movement, and Parkinson's disease. Parkinson’s disease, Tourette’s syndrome, and tics are one of the most widely known of these disorders, known to impair people of movements and rob them

Parkinson's Disease: The Stem Cell Approach

2379 words - 10 pages Applications: Monitoring the Frontiers of Biomedical Research." Stem Cell Information. N.p., November 1999. Web. 12 March 2014. Christenson, David. "Patients, Not Politics." Stem Cell Research. Ed. Jennifer L. Skancke. Farmington Hills: Greenhaven Press, 2009. 66-72. Print. 4 March 2014. Dodiya, Hemraj B., Jeffrey H. Kordower and Dustin R. Wakeman. "Cell Transplantation and Gene Therapy in Parkinson's Disease." Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine (2011): 132

Parkinson's Disease...Everything you will ever need to know about Parkinson's Disease

661 words - 3 pages In the United States about one million people are believed to suffer from Parkinson's disease. About 50,000 new cases are reported every year. Many things are associated with Parkinson's disease.Parkinson's disease is a very serious disease. It is a progressive disorder of the central nervous system that results from degeneration of nerve cells in a region of the brain that controls movement. This degeneration creates a shortage of the brain

Review of Research Paper on Parkinson's Disease Treatment

2378 words - 10 pages more serious states wherein treatment is ineffective and also, perhaps with further research, even eliminate the disease from ever emerging again. References "Alternative Medicine and Parkinson's." Parkinson's Disease Guide. 1 Nov 2007 . "Dietary Guidelines." Parkinson's Disease. Holistic Online. 1 Nov 2007 . http

Treatments of Parkinson's Disease

3732 words - 15 pages Introduction Although Parkinson’s disease does not have a known cure, there are ways to treat and manage it. There are many components of treatments of Parkinson’s disease such as patient’s age, cognitive, life style, and symptom severity (Lyons & Pahwa, 2011, p. 29). With those components known, treatment can be modified based on the patient’s case. Treatment of Parkinson’s disease includes prescription drugs and non-pharmacologic treatment

Similar Essays

Parkinson's Disease Essay

1297 words - 6 pages researchers for nearly two centuries. Currently, the only consistent link between all PD cases is the loss of dopamine producing neurons. In the future, the causes of this dreaded disease will hopefully be better understood and appropriately classified in order to expedite the treatment Works Cited Golbe, Lawrence I. "Alpha-Synuclein and Parkinson's Disease." Ed. Manuchair S. Ebadi and Ronald Pfeiffer. Parkinson's Disease. Boca Raton: CRC, 2004. 117

Parkinson's Disease Essay

689 words - 3 pages Parkinson's Disease Damage to Broca's area in the frontal lobe causes difficulty in speaking and writing, a problem known as Broca's aphasia. Injury to Wernicke's area in the left temporal lobe results in an inability to comprehend spoken language, called Wernicke's aphasia. Cerebral palsy is a broad term for brain damage sustained close to birth that permanently affects motor function. The damage may take place either in the developing

Parkinson's Disease Essay

1650 words - 7 pages Parkinson's Disease Parkinson’s Disease (PD), "the shaking palsy" first described by James Parkinson in 1817, is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder which affects in upwards of 1.5 million Americans. The disease begins to occur around age 40 and has incidence with patient age. One survey found that PD may affect 1% of the population over 60. Incidence seems to be more prominent in men, and tends to progress to incapacity and death over

Parkinson's Disease Essay

3767 words - 15 pages Parkinson's Disease In 1817, James Parkinson published his famous treatise: "An Essay on the Shaking Palsy," describing the symptoms which now collectively bear his name. Although many scientists before his time had described various aspects of motor dysfunction (ataxia, paralysis, tremor) Parkinson was the first to collect them into a common syndrome; one which he believed formed a distinctive condition. His sixty-six page essay