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Parkinson's Disease And Other Movement Disorders

2053 words - 9 pages

Many people around the world today suffer from Parkinson’s disease and other movement disorders. A movement disorder is a disorder impairing the speed, fluency, quality, and ease of movement. There are many types of movement disorders such as impaired fluency and speed of movement (dyskinesia), excessive movements (hyperkinesia), and slurred movements (hypokinesia). Some types of movement disorders are ataxia, a lack of coordination, Huntington's disease, multiple system atrophies, myoclonus, brief, rapid outbursts of movement, progressive supranuclear palsy, restless legs syndrome, reflex sympathetic dystrophy, tics, Tourette's syndrome, tremor, Wilson disease, dystonia, which causes involuntary body movement, and Parkinson's disease. Parkinson’s disease, Tourette’s syndrome, and tics are one of the most widely known of these disorders, known to impair people of movements and rob them of their lives.
Tics are a common movement disorder where one involuntarily moves due to unwanted muscle contractions (motor) or vocal outbursts (vocal). Motor tics can cause contractions that can be serious enough to affect activities in normal life. The muscle contradiction relieves urges or sensations felt by the patient. There are also vocal tics. Vocal tics are short, repetitive noises that come in sudden bursts. Tics are repetitive and habitual and are very hard to control. Examples of tics include blinking, clearing the throat, facial twitching, grunting, and shrugging the shoulders.
Tourette's syndrome is a hereditary movement disorder. Its symptoms are by multiple motor and vocal tics (repeated muscle contractions). It is during the childhood and adolescence in which Tourette’s syndrome and its symptoms develop, usually between the ages of 2 and 12, with 7 being the average age. Along with the tics, patients often acquire behavioral problems. The problems range from hyperactivity and inattention to impulsivity, obsessions, and compulsions. Men are more likely to acquire this syndrome, as they are three to four times more likely compared to women. There is no cure to the syndrome. However, it is manageable and people can live normal lives. Some patients do not even need treatment for it unless it is very serious. Fortunately, the symptoms eventually lesson, disappear, and become controllable after the teen years. Parkinson’s diseases are another movement disease like Tourette’s. However, unlike Tourette’s, Parkinson’s disease is caused by the death of the brain’s cells, making it an extremely difficult problem to solve.
Parkinson’s disease is a neurological disorder caused by neurodegeneration. It was first recorded by a British physician James Parkinson in his “Essay on the Shaking Palsy,” where Parkinson noted a disease impairing movement but keeping sanity. It occurs when nerve cells in the substantia nigra deteriorates affecting dopamine production. Dopamine is crucial for brain connections and communications that control muscles. The medical...

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