Parliamentary And Presidential Systems Essay

1828 words - 7 pages

When looking at the different political systems across the world, parliamentary and presidential systems can be seen as two eminent and highly successful democracy as used most famously by Britain the United States respectively. Due to their difference in the system of governing, the role of an Australian Prime Minister may vary from that of an American President. Thus, differentiation of the system may incur a verity of responsibility and privilege that one and another desire to hold.

First of all, the power distribution varies in these two systems. The position of president grants him/herself both the head of government, also known as chief executive and the head of state. The president is considered to be vested balanced power against that of the legislature. Head of state, often known as the chief public representative of monarchy, republic, federation, commonwealth and other forms of the state, while as a representative, sometimes can merely be seen as a figurehead, such as the Queen and Governor-General in the constitutional monarchy Australia for many times functions in a primarily ceremonial role. Although they have the authority to dissolve parliament and dismiss the government granted by Constitution covertly, the convention was that the unelected Governor General would only act on the advice of the ministers if this power is ever used, very rarely according to the history. The head of government, in another word, chief executive, in the other hand, seen as the ones who are the head of nation’s legislature and holding the actual powers on governing affairs. In the presidential government, those two roles, head of state and the head of government are overlapped and joined in a single person. While in the parliamentary system, they are two separate offices. This feature can be seen as a difference between the two systems.

One major difference between these two systems is the way election is conducted. As in the presidential system, a unique feature is that the president is popularly elected, independently of the legislature, for example, Barack Obama was elected independently of the United States Congress. The president is to hold the office for fixed terms that cannot be removed except death, resignation and serious impeachment. He does not need to gather the support in the Congress, even the Cabinet as a Prime Minister does, and the president can be from a party while the Congress majority is controlled by the other party. While In parliamentary system, this can never happen. The executive is chosen from the legislature, on which it depends for holding the office. The chief executive is not chosen by people, but by the legislature, typically characterized by the fact that the majority party in the parliament chooses the chief executive in Australia, known as Prime Minister. The voters elect the head of the government indirectly, usually through some kind of Electoral College in the system. The head of government, could title...

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