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Parliamentary Vs Presidential Essay

1168 words - 5 pages

The parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance wherein the executive and legislative branches of the government are intertwined and are lead collectively by a Prime Minister who must have been proven to be competent and capable, as chosen among his party members. However, the Philippines is currently under the presidential system, also a system of democratic but republican governance, which is led this time by a president, and wherein there is a separation of powers between the executive and the legislative. In the presidential system, people have the collective power to vote for the president.
On one hand, the similarities between the two systems can be summed up in one word: democracy. This entails the basic standards of freedom of expression, competitive elections that determines who will hold political power, and certain limits on the execution of power or authority (16). Of course, however, the systems also have their differences. To begin with, parliamentary systems are decisive while presidential systems are resolute. Parliamentary fosters a style of politics and policymaking that is probably more institutionalized, centered on its political parties, while presidentialism fosters a more personalized and free-floating style of leadership, centered on individual politicians and smaller, less established organizational entities (17).
Even though the presidential system is more likely to be able to survive emergencies such as wars and calamities (8), to act more rapidly and to become less constrained (11) due to the separation of powers and its direct mandate from the people, the effects of the system to the country turn out to be the opposite of its supposed-to-be advantages. Why? Because the reasons for its advantages are the same reasons for its disadvantages. There is a direct mandate from the people in a presidential system, especially in choosing the president. The president is elected through nationwide elections based on a personality-popularity system which results in a lack of accountability and responsibility in and for its candidates (5). The presidential system has this separation of powers which may inevitably have the branches blaming each other, causing confusion to the people, who will not be able to understand the real situation of the government (12). Also, since it is run by the president, there is a tendency towards authoritarianism wherein the president becomes the sole leader – he can rule without allies which can endanger the cooperation of the other members of the government, making it difficult to sustain democratic practices (13). In addition, there are impediments in leadership change in a presidential system because when the president is inefficient for the job or doesn’t have the sufficient knowledge to run a country, it is not easy to remove him from position, since only impeachment can do the rightful job (14). However, since the parliamentary system is headed by a prime minister, who is...

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