Role Of Manager Essay

1344 words - 5 pages

Organizations and the Need for Manager* Organization: Two or more people who work together in a structured way to achieve a specific goal or set of goals* Goal: The purpose that an organization strives to achieve; organizations often have more than one goal; goals are fundamental elements of organizations* Manager: People responsible for directing the efforts aimed at helping organizations achieve their goals by using management skills"Management" (from Old French ménagement "the art of conducting, directing", from Latin manu agere "to lead by the hand") characterizes the process of leading and directing all or part of an organization, often a business, through the deployment and manipulation of resources (human, financial, material, intellectual or intangible). Early twentieth-century management writer Mary Parker Follett defined management as "the art of getting things done through people."Developing some feeling for managerial work can be achieved by looking at management jobs from several viewpoints. Managerial work can be classified in terms of organizational levels, basic skills, breadth of responsibility, and roles. This essay will give a brief explanation on Management level, The Functions of a Manager, Definition of management and skills.Management LevelsOrganizations can be viewed broadly as having four basic levels. The lowest level is usually classified as the operative or operational level, and employees at this level do not generally have any managerial duties.First-line ManagersThe managerial jobs at the first level above the operative level, in other words, the lowest-level managerial jobs, are called first-line or first-level management. First-line managers are often called supervisors, superintendents, or administrators. They are charged with overseeing operative employees. Examples are office manager in a large office, ward nurse in a hospital, and production supervisor in a manufacturing facility.Middle ManagersThe managerial jobs at the level or levels above the first level, but not including the highest one or two levels, are usually called middle management. Middle managers are usually responsible for the performance of a particular organizational unit. They implement strategic plans set forth by top managers by establishing both functional or divisional objectives and operational objectives that will guide unit performance toward the targets established by the strategic plans. Middle managers direct the activities of other managers and sometimes those of operative employees. Examples are division sales manager, director of human resources, and facilities manager.Top ManagersTop managers are usually few in number and have the term executive associated with their jobs. They have the broadest responsibilities, develop strategic plans giving overall direction to an organization, and guide the organization's interaction with its environment. Common titles include chief executive officer, president, and vice-president.The...

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