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Parthenon And The Pantheon Essay

768 words - 4 pages

Architecture is closely connected with the history of human society. All stages of world civilization are reflected in monuments .

The Greeks , as well as a huge number of the Romans worshiped deities. They appealed to him with prayers and offerings to them . Most people believed that each of them a special patron god or goddess . In honor of the gods were built majestic temples . Construction of temples and has generated has developed art forms , which then moved to the facilities of various kinds.

Comparative analysis of the Parthenon and the Pantheon

Exterior

The Parthenon is a type of temples peripter ( rectangular structure , framed on all four sides by a colonnade ) with Doric ...view middle of the document...

2) " Parthenos " - " room for the girls ' remarkable use of Ionic columns to maintain overlap . Internal ( Ionic ) frieze - about 350 infantry and 160 cavalry figures. 160m length of the frieze , height 1 m.

Pantheon - concrete inner surface of the hemisphere is decorated with 140 caissons . These carved grooves besides decorative , had also constructive value because they significantly reduced weight vault.

Location and time of creation

Parthenon - Acropolis of Athens , Greece. in 447-438 BC. e . project architect Callicrates Iktin and decorated in 438-431 years BC . e . under the direction of Phidias in the reign of Pericles.

Pantheon - Campus Martius , Rome, Italiya.Postroen in 126 BC. e . when the Emperor Hadrian on the site of the previous Pantheon , built two centuries before Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa .

Nature of the interaction with the audience

Parthenon - Represents the Athenian model of perfect unity and helps residents of the policy under the auspices of patron goddess of Athens .

Pantheon - visually represents social model Imperii.Vozmozhno Roman Pantheon was the first temple built in view of universal access.

Ancient cultures are closely linked world and the world of the divine , paid great attention to organization of society in accordance with the rules of the cult , which was reflected in the objects of everyday life , art and...

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