Participation Of Women In The Workforce

2280 words - 9 pages

Since the late 1970s, the participation of women in the workforce has dramatically changed from women traditionally following their mother’s footsteps to obtaining an independent career of their own. According to Resident Scholar, Christina Hoff Sommers of the Huffington Post, "there are far more women than men in college, and they earn more than fifty-eight percent of [the] college degrees [in the year of 2013]." However, some women in the workforce do not receive the full compensation as men do, even though both genders have the same level of education. The book Lean In-Women, Work, and The Will to Lead by Sheryl Sandberg, suggests that there are several reasons why women are behind in the wage gap such as challenges, progressiveness, and character. On the contrary, I will also be researching women's work in my own field of study as a College Professor.
Sheryl Sandberg suggests that life is nothing but a challenge and that one must face obstacles before they taste the sweet fruit of success. Some individuals may consider the words challenge and obstacle as having similar concepts; however, when an individual looks in between the lines of women's work they can clearly see two

different categories, the physical and the psychological. For example, an undergraduate degree holder has to face physical challenges in order to complete their field of study such as attending class sessions and producing academic work; the psychological obstacle of the undergrad would be the unawareness of their own capabilities as they tends to discourage themselves to the point where they do not sit at the table nor take leadership actions in any work situation. According to Sheryl Sandberg, "women have to prove themselves to a far greater extent than men do . . . [women] hold [them]selves back in ways both big and small, by lacking self-confidence, by not raising [their] hands, and by pulling back when [they] should be leaning in" (8). In fact, this is seen with many female degree holders as they take the challenge to complete four years of academic work, but will unquestionably agree to a yearly salary that is less than what they actually owe in student loans.
Sandberg states that men still dominate over the world socially, economically, and politically; after all, out of the 179 countries in the world, only twenty-two are run by women. She believes that the feminist movement for equality as taken a pause. However, there has been progress over the past decade, according to Leader Reporter Del Jones of USA Today Newspaper, "the percentage of female corporate officers nearly doubled to almost sixteen percent from 1995 to 2002, [but] ninety percent of line jobs are still held by men." Although the progress of women holding chiefly positions in the workforce may be slow, a recent study by a group of AAUW (American Association of University Women) researchers, have investigated the average difference in earning wages between men and women; the AAUW researchers...

Find Another Essay On Participation of Women in the Workforce

Women in the Workforce and there networks

1690 words - 7 pages Women in the Workforce: There NetworksIn the past, men were generally meant to be the bread winners in the family while women were suppose to be the caretakers of the children and home. Financial challenges, combined with better and expected educational opportunities, started the mobilization of women into the work force. Many colleges, universities, and Ivey league schools, once closed to women, opened their doors, making coed education

From Kitchen to Office - Women in the Workforce (Australian)

1101 words - 4 pages The role of women in the workforce as well as society's attitudes towards them has changed dramatically over time in Australia. Women have been allowed to open the door to the world of work and this is a great improvement from what it used to be. They are generally adopted and accepted into our workforce but much still needs to be done to ensure that this is preserved.Once, women were personified as the mother figure that stayed at home, cooking

A Long Road to Equality: Women in the Workforce

1747 words - 7 pages “For most of history, anonymous was a woman –Virginia Wolf.” For women, the path to equality in the home and workforce has been a long hard fought battle that is still taking place as we speak. With every victory that has taken place, there have also been road blocks at every turn, many shed tears, resistance, and an unwavering belief felt by men, that women truly will never amount to anything other than a housewife. If the women from the start

The Role of Participation in Budgeting

2190 words - 9 pages The Role of Participation in Budgeting Introduction Although participation in budgeting may enforce the managerial performance, it has constrains and can cause some problems as well. This article analyses the possible advantages and limitations of the role of participation in budget setting. In the next section, the possible merits of budgetary participation are demonstrated. This is followed by a section that explains the equivocation

The Benefits of Youth Participation in Sports

1603 words - 6 pages , 1994).A large psychological benefit of sport participation is that sports can boost the self esteem of the people participating. The self-esteem of children is boosted when parents, coaches, and other teammates give the child positive feedback and show a sense of pride in what the child has accomplished (Bilich, 2006). Numerous studies have shown that girls who participate in physical activity such as sports are more likely to have more positive

Mothers in the Workforce

2011 words - 9 pages In a society with the majority of mothers joining or returning to the workforce, there is a growing body of research documenting the demands placed on these women and what can be done to help their transition into this new role. According to the United States’ Department of Labor, in the year 2012, 70.5% of mothers with children under the age of 18 were a part of the workforce; of these women 73.7% were employed full-time, working over 35 hours

Creativity in the Workforce

1399 words - 6 pages Creativity and the Workforce This modern world is a competitive place, and the competitors are supremely varied. From race to size to musculature, no two members of the workforce are exactly the same – and their ability to compete in the market is just as varied. Some will obviously have a distinct advantage, while others may have to struggle mightily just to meet the lowest expectations. Recently, one trait has come to the forefront as the

Teams in the Workforce

2503 words - 10 pages Teams in the Workforce Introduction The working environment in the United States and in many other countries is undergoing tremendous change. The global marketplace, international trade, and the Internet have brought about a new way of looking at business. Competition has risen to levels never before attained. In order for businesses to succeed in such a competitive market, they must change their organizational structures and the way

Motivation in the Workforce

539 words - 2 pages ". This means that greater the motivation, the more constant and intense one will performs specific task. The basis behind this theory is the knowledge that all behavior is goal driven, meaning one will do tasks according to what they obtain after the task is complete. Maslow has been a very inspirational figure in personality theories. The success of any organization depends on the ability of managers to provide a motivating environment for its

Women in the workforce in "One Nation, After All" by Alan Wolfe.

669 words - 3 pages The subject matter of this paper was first discussed in Alan Wolfe's book, "One Nation, After All". Alan Wolfe devoted this book entirely to the middle class public opinion on issues ranging from religion to homosexuality. He really tried to document and understand what middle class Americans care about, and what is important to them. The book first defined the middle class. "For many people around the world becoming American and being middle

Sexual Inequality in the Workforce

4909 words - 20 pages a certain way to evaluate the worth of an occupation independent of the gender labeling of that occupation. THE GLASS CEILING Another issue facing women in the workforce is the “glass-ceiling.” This is a “barrier” that keeps people from rising past a certain point but a barrier that is transparent, and therefore virtually invisible until the person crashes into it. Glass ceiling is an apt label for the phenomenon faced by women who aspire

Similar Essays

Women In The Workforce Essay

1774 words - 7 pages Women in the Workforce Equality for all sounds like a simple concept for everyone to live by, but it seems that even in today’s society around the world women are lacking the equal rights they deserve. Ever since we can remember in our history, women have always received the short end of the stick when it came to their rights. Right to vote, right to a job, right to equal pay, and the list can go on and on. There have been many attempts for

Women In The Workforce Essay

1031 words - 4 pages Women In The Labour ForceThe past decades their has been a dramatic increase of womenparticipating in the labour force from countries all over theworld including Canada. In 1950, one Canadian worker in five wasa woman. By 1980 this percentage had doubled, and women areexpected to make up more than 44 percent of the labour force bythe end of this century.The increase in female participation started occurringduring the 1970's. This increase also

The Pros And Cons Of Women Leaders In The Workforce

2064 words - 8 pages people think of successful leaders (Schein 682). Most women who are in leadership positions in the workforce are seen to men as not having the ability to carry a business with enough capability. In addition to descriptive stereotypes of the qualities that women and men possess, psychologists have observed that societies also have prescriptive stereotypes— beliefs about the roles that women and men should play. “McIntosh refers to woman less

Society Against Women In The Workforce

2510 words - 10 pages chores such as laundry, washing dishes, cleaning house, and taking care of the children while their husband works. During the 1950- 1960s in the South, society including many men and some women believed it was against societal norms for women to work. This created difficulties for women when trying to find jobs, because society believed women did not belong in the workforce, instead they belonged at home raising their families, and because society