Since the late 1970s, the participation of women in the workforce has dramatically changed from women traditionally following their mother’s footsteps to obtaining an independent career of their own. According to Resident Scholar, Christina Hoff Sommers of the Huffington Post, "there are far more women than men in college, and they earn more than fifty-eight percent of [the] college degrees [in the year of 2013]." However, some women in the workforce do not receive the full compensation as men do, even though both genders have the same level of education. The book Lean In-Women, Work, and The Will to Lead by Sheryl Sandberg, suggests that there are several reasons why women are behind in the wage gap such as challenges, progressiveness, and character. On the contrary, I will also be researching women's work in my own field of study as a College Professor.
Sheryl Sandberg suggests that life is nothing but a challenge and that one must face obstacles before they taste the sweet fruit of success. Some individuals may consider the words challenge and obstacle as having similar concepts; however, when an individual looks in between the lines of women's work they can clearly see two
different categories, the physical and the psychological. For example, an undergraduate degree holder has to face physical challenges in order to complete their field of study such as attending class sessions and producing academic work; the psychological obstacle of the undergrad would be the unawareness of their own capabilities as they tends to discourage themselves to the point where they do not sit at the table nor take leadership actions in any work situation. According to Sheryl Sandberg, "women have to prove themselves to a far greater extent than men do . . . [women] hold [them]selves back in ways both big and small, by lacking self-confidence, by not raising [their] hands, and by pulling back when [they] should be leaning in" (8). In fact, this is seen with many female degree holders as they take the challenge to complete four years of academic work, but will unquestionably agree to a yearly salary that is less than what they actually owe in student loans.
Sandberg states that men still dominate over the world socially, economically, and politically; after all, out of the 179 countries in the world, only twenty-two are run by women. She believes that the feminist movement for equality as taken a pause. However, there has been progress over the past decade, according to Leader Reporter Del Jones of USA Today Newspaper, "the percentage of female corporate officers nearly doubled to almost sixteen percent from 1995 to 2002, [but] ninety percent of line jobs are still held by men." Although the progress of women holding chiefly positions in the workforce may be slow, a recent study by a group of AAUW (American Association of University Women) researchers, have investigated the average difference in earning wages between men and women; the AAUW researchers...