Several forms of government have been formed since the development of centralized power. The form of government that has showed the most international growth in the last century is democracy. There are currently over 160 democracies in the world today. These democracies, however, are not complete democracies. They are representative democracies that have been created by the leaders of our predominantly patriarchal international system. Due to this, many citizens of these democracies are considered second class citizens and their views are not heard by their supposedly democratic society. A solution to this problem is participatory democracy. Participatory democracy is better than the existing patriarchal society because it allows the progression of society as a whole, eliminates political oppression, and creates a predominantly equal political culture for the citizens it governs. There is much evidence that proves that the advantages of participatory democracy heavily outweigh the drawbacks and that it is a better way of government than patriarchy. This evidence can be found in historical analysis, scrutiny of the patriarchal international system, the development of participatory democracy, and the values of a participatory democracy versus the values of a patriarchal democracy.
Participatory democracy is when the individuals under a governed state are directly involved in the legislation and polices that directly influence their lives. Aspiration for participatory democracy dates back to ancient Greece and continues today. When the idea of participatory democracy was invented it was done so in order to make sure everyone in a society had a say in how they lived their lives. In modern times the idea of participatory democracy, however, has become one of impossibility and idealism. These cynical beliefs about the future emergence of an equal society are results of the patriarchal world in which we live in and are the most prominent opposition to participatory democracy.
Patriarchal democracy is when the government is controlled by men and based on the principles created by and the desires felt by men. This results in the government being controlled by one person or one specific group. In such a society the power lies with these individuals only, and the population’s needs and desires are overlooked due to the fact that that one person or group is making governmental decisions based solely on their need and desires. While participatory democracy has flaws it is tremendously more effective than patriarchal democracy due to this fact.
Men created patriarchy, therefore patriarchy will always be men oriented and favor men. This can be seen in the facts that African American men received the right to vote in the United States before women did, and that in the United States presidential election of 2008 an African American man was put into office before a Caucasian woman. Not only do these events exemplify the oppression of females in our society but...