Molenbeek is not only under pressure by effects of urban sprawl like other cities such as privatization of space, social fragmentation (6) but also threaten by its multiethnic society that shaped land-use problems, especially using open spaces in the center area. It is important that Molenbeek habitants could not participate in open space design process that makes the open spaces in Molenbeek become boring and less attractive with local people. However, due to open space’s advantages, planners are able to deny its presence, which has to be renovated and developed in order to support social integration. Base on the data collected from the surveys and the Molenbeek’s specific identities, I make recommendations to support the reconstruction process of these open spaces.
Participatory design process:
During a design process of open space, in order to make sure that renovated open space is suitable for community, the relationship between community and environment needs to be considered. What is important is there are 2 aspects in this relationship. The first aspect is the correlation between people and people, or more specifically in Molenbeek’s context, between migrants and nonmigrants, and the second one is between participants and their neighborhood. A study about “sheltered framework” (14) and definition of ladder in participation (…) were used to ensure the synchronous operation of two aspects.
Sheltered framework is a part of participatory design process which is introduced by … in …. Through sheltered framework, residents who do not possess their land still can contribute their ideas into the design process. While sheltered framework is a mediate in which the ideas of habitants could be warranted by policy and considered by designers, the ladder in participation help to analyze and evaluate levels of participation of habitants in the participatory project more easily.
The participatory design process which I propose consists of 4 main steps which are Initial meetings; Workshop; Experimental pattern; and Feedback and adjust design. After the fourth step, base on habitants’ feedbacks, the process will be repeated from Experimental pattern in order to make sure that the project is not affected by individual opinions and there is still the residents’ participation in the whole project.
- Initial meetings: There should be many initial meetings in each specific area, due to the large area of the center of the Molenbeek. Through these meetings planners and government will have opportunities to hear the desires and habits of habitants. It is important that these meetings include not only migrants but also nonmigrants that are the chances for each person can understand the others who are different culture. In order to support for the discussions more easily, there are some methods can be used, such as social mapping (…). The information is collected from this steps will help planners and government more understand about the relationship between the...