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Certain "Social Indicators" Have Been Identified As Underlying Issues In The Rciadic Report. Discuss How These Indicators Contribute To The Over Representation Of Aboriginal People In Custody

1701 words - 7 pages

When the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody (RCIADIC) came to completion in 1991, 339 recommendations were made by the commissioners. The most influential finding from the Royal Commission was that Indigenous persons are no more likely to die in custody than Non Indigenous persons. However, it was found that being Indigenous was a significant and in most cases dominant role in there being in custody to begin with. These recommendations fell into five main areas; these are Health, Substance Abuse, Housing & Infrastructure, Education and Policing Practice and Targeting/ Judicial System. Despite these recommendations, the endorsement from the government and expectations of the Australian Indigenous community little has been done to improve living standards and over representation of Indigenous people in the Criminal Justice System.HealthThe gap between Indigenous peoples health and the rest of Australia is increasing compared to countries around the world. The main reason for this is due to the inequality of services and lack of infrastructure. This is due to the fact that in Australia there is no rights based approach to health care or essential services. Without this type of approach the health statistics are steadily worsening. This ongoing poverty can be contributed to the denial of citizenship rights, equal pay, education, essential services and employment opportunities over a long period of time.It was found by the Commonwealth Grants Commission Inquiry into Indigenous Funding found that as well as remote, urban dwellers are also vulnerable to cultural, spiritual and social isolation, dislocation and lack of culturally appropriate services. Indigenous people have cultural rights which have evolved over thousands of years from customs, traditional law and general way of life, which health services need to be able to recognise. The only way to substantially fulfil this is by having community control over priority setting and planning of cultural sensitivity in relation to the delivery of services. Not to mention concentrating on linking and integration of services to address the years of neglect.Health problems for many Indigenous people begin before birth which contributes to the cyclical pattern of poor health. Common health problems are low birth rate, kidney disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, cataracts, mental disorders and other drug related conditions. These conditions normally reach acute stages before help is sort due to services not being available, or services being inaccessible to Indigenous people.Indigenous health conditions are a product of cumulative factors - environment of poverty, poor infrastructure, remoteness and lack of communication. Lesley Russell stated that this has lead to a "vicious cycle" where "The erosion of society has contributed to poor health that is, in turn, brining about further social disintegration."Housing and InfrastructureThe International Covenant on Economic, Social...

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