This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Partition Of India Essay

2384 words - 10 pages

In 1947 British rulers of India divided India in two countries. Pakistan consisting of Muslims majority provinces and India with Hindus and other religious majority people (cite?). This partition was due to the demands by Muslims who found it impossible to live with Hindus as they were socially, morally and religiously different from them.

Process of this Muslim Hindu separation was started out by Muslim educator Sir Syed Ahmed Khan who in 1857 established the Mohamadan Oriental Collage to educate Muslims in Aligarh which would later become known as the Aligarh University. In 1906, to counter the growing influence of Hindu majority, graduates of this university organized a party of their own and named it the All India Muslim League. This party played a pivotal role in making Muslims politically active and making the British aware of their concerns. Ultimately, in 1947 under the leadership of Mohammed Ali Jinnah, the party succeeded in the creation of Pakistan. As Sir Syed Ahmed Khan and his colleague were working for Muslims to have a political voice, there were others, for example, Allan Octavian Hume and Dadabhai among others who, in 1885, organized the Indian National Congress party. Initially, its purpose was to demand the British government to provide more jobs for educated Indians but later on, under the leadership of Mohandas Gandhi and Pundit Nehru, it worked for Independence from British rule resulting in 1947 in creation of Hindu majority country India.


Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
Sir Syed Ahmad Khan has become to be known as the most influential educationist and political Muslim leader in India (cite?). Before the British colonized India, Mogul Emperors encouraged education for both Hindus and Muslims in one place rather than being segregated (cite2). After colonization, Hindus happily joined Christian missionary schools that were run by Christians where as Muslims, being wary of conversions to Christianity, were hesitant to send their children (cite2). This made Muslims less educated than Hindus thus making them less of a citizen (cite2) In 1857 the Indian rebellion, also called the Sepoy rebellion, caused by the British introduction of Infield rifle bullets were greased with cow and pigs fat which had to be bitten off (cite). This infuriated both Hindu and Muslims sepoys as it was against the Hindu beliefs to taste cow grease and against Muslims beliefs to taste pig grease(cite). This rebellion which resulted in a lot of death and destruction was blamed on Muslim soldiers, and thus made Muslims suffer more by the hands of colonizers(cite). In order to reduce the tension between Muslims and British colonizers and educate Muslims to participate in national affairs, a person by the name of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, who was an Islamic reformer and modernist, started the Aligarh movements. The purpose of this movement was to create a common understanding between the Muslims and the British government, to learn English based education,...

Find Another Essay On Partition of India

Unrest in Kashmir Essay

978 words - 4 pages Kashmir has been an immense issue since 1947. This downfall came along side with the partition of India-Pakistan. Both countries have been fighting for this territory and yet the feud still continues. We are still in the midst of deciding whether it belongs to the Indians or Pakistanis. Muslims and Hindus have been living together in Kashmir with peace and harmony. Later when the time came to draw a line between India and Pakistan the issue

20th Century British Rule In South Asia

3450 words - 14 pages through. As the British hastily retreated into their country, the partition process was left in shambles as the process was left incomplete. Boundaries had not been clearly mapped out and hence it was left to the warring and hostile leaders from the different countries to resolve the disputes and come up with clear boundaries. As a consequence of the partition, the history and identity of Pakistan and India has been intertwined since then and

Importance of Good Precedents for Sustaining Democracies: Case Study on India and Pakistan

1772 words - 8 pages There are many different reasons why the partition of India occurred. When Britain oppressed India, they had a divide-and-conquer policy that exacerbated the religious and cultural rifts that already existed in the society. The Muslim League, which believed in the ideology of “Pakistan”, actively campaigned to gain more support for the Muslims in India, especially under the guidance of dynamic leaders like Jinnah. Pakistani leader and founder

Q5. 'When not available in any 'real' sense, homeland exists as an absence that acquires surplus meaning by the fact of diaspora' (Vijay Mishra).

1024 words - 5 pages cultural identity in society leaving a notion of feeling connection to both their native and adopted cultural identity but never feeling belongingness to either. The Shadow Lines depicts the notion that “diasporas have been seen to result from the migration of borders over people, and not simply from that of people over borders” (Brobaker 3) It tells the intimate story of a family deeply influenced by the aftermath of the Partition of India and

Partition as Madness

684 words - 3 pages If I be allowed to quote from the movie, "The land is divided, lives are shattered Storms rage in every heart; it's the same here and there... Funeral pyres in every home; the flames mount higher Every city is deserted; it's the same here and there.. No one heeds the Gita; no one heeds the Koran Faith has lost all meaning; here or there...." The partition of India and its subsequent independence is the most barbaric incident in the history of

When Memories Become Traumatic : A Reading of Jamila Hashmi’s Exile and Joginder Paul’s Dariyaon Pyas

2706 words - 11 pages The Partition of India and Pakistan is considered to be a singular moment in the history of South Asia and Britain. Partition had two fold purposes, one it granted independence to a supposedly Hindu India and secondly created a new nation called Pakistan which was predominantly populated by Muslims. The violence that it generated was not only unprecedented but even barbaric. The vengeance that ordinary Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs wrecked on each

The Causes of tension Between Hinduism and Islam

1226 words - 5 pages that there are many reasons branching from religion for the conflict between India and Pakistan in Kashmir. However, all of this ties back to the partition of India by religious lines. This eventually led to the formation of Hindu nationalism. The prior-stated conflicts, as well as the tensions between Hinduism and Islam since the 7th Century C.E, have intensified this religious conflict to an enormous magnitude. Works Cited Background to India

Family Feud in Anita Desai´s Clear Light of Day

1518 words - 7 pages Until a child is eighteen years old, the parents have full responsibility. They provide a stable and loving environment for their children. As the leaders in a household, caring and loving parents also maintain the bonds that hold the family together. However, absence of loving parental guidance can create tension between family members. Anita Desai’s Clear Light of Day shows how war, specifically the partition of India, affects a particular

The Causes of Indian Independence in 1947

831 words - 3 pages The Causes of Indian Independence in 1947 In 1947 India was declared an independent country from Britain, after years of peaceful and violent protests, pressure from all sides, and numerous promises. Not only this, but Pakistan was also formed by partitioning the country into two, providing a separate homeland for the Muslims of India. Although independence was greeting with relief from all, partition came with riots

Relations Between India and Pakistan

1506 words - 6 pages Often synonymous with open hostility, relations between India and Pakistan are influenced by numerous discordant factors. This essay will examine the primary antecedent, the Partition of India and its bifurcation into two states. In emphasising the collective trauma and fragile nationalisms that emerged, a connection will be established between the ensuing fear and distrust and its manifestation into policies and actions over the past six

The Importance of Religion in Indian Politics

1519 words - 6 pages The Importance of Religion in Indian Politics India is the largest democratic country in the world, in the last fifty years it has travelled and been influenced by multiple social and economic changes. Its independence from Britain in 1947, the partition creating Pakistan and the Pakistan/ Indian debate over Kashmir have been fundamental political movements within these years. As Y.B.Damle states, “Politics is

Similar Essays

Effects Of Partition Of Colonial India Into Two States

2659 words - 11 pages British hastily retreated into their country, the partition process was left in shambles as the process was left incomplete. Boundaries had not been clearly mapped out and hence it was left to the warring and hostile leaders from the different countries to resolve the disputes and come up with clear boundaries. As a consequence of the partition, the history and identity of Pakistan and India has been intertwined since then and often at odds ever

Partition Between India And Pakistan Essay

1234 words - 5 pages The partition of India and Pakistan was a time of great turmoil. There was an overwhelming amount of violence and confusion at the time, 1947, when two new countries were born: Hindu-dominated India and Muslim-dominated Pakistan. Although there hadn't been much of any violent altercations between Muslims, Hindus, and Sikhs before this time, the partition brought a myriad of difficulties between the three groups with it. Because of the violence

Is Partition An Effective Way To End Conflict?

1739 words - 7 pages place in India, Northern Ireland, the Balkans, and Russia. (Fearon, 2004) A main problem with partition is that if violence is the reason for the dissolution of a state, will more occur once it has been put in place. (Kumar, 1997) For example, those in Cyprus, Ireland and India led to further violence and led to an unwilling migration of civilians. (Kumar, 1997) Partition sparks the worrying thought that if a major power is to change interstate

Could Violence Have Been Avoided In India's Rebellion Of 1857 And Its Partition In 1947

999 words - 4 pages Alexa Montgomery History 104.05 4/11/2014 Reflection Paper #3 After watching Freedom from the documentary The Story of India, I learned a lot more about what India went through as a country in the 19th century. During this time period India was going through a lot of changes while they pushed for their freedom. The rebellion of 1857, gaining their independence, and the Partition of the South Asian subcontinent in 1947 all made up the story of