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Partition Of India Essay

2384 words - 10 pages

In 1947 British rulers of India divided India in two countries. Pakistan consisting of Muslims majority provinces and India with Hindus and other religious majority people (cite?). This partition was due to the demands by Muslims who found it impossible to live with Hindus as they were socially, morally and religiously different from them.

Process of this Muslim Hindu separation was started out by Muslim educator Sir Syed Ahmed Khan who in 1857 established the Mohamadan Oriental Collage to educate Muslims in Aligarh which would later become known as the Aligarh University. In 1906, to counter the growing influence of Hindu majority, graduates of this university organized a party of their own and named it the All India Muslim League. This party played a pivotal role in making Muslims politically active and making the British aware of their concerns. Ultimately, in 1947 under the leadership of Mohammed Ali Jinnah, the party succeeded in the creation of Pakistan. As Sir Syed Ahmed Khan and his colleague were working for Muslims to have a political voice, there were others, for example, Allan Octavian Hume and Dadabhai among others who, in 1885, organized the Indian National Congress party. Initially, its purpose was to demand the British government to provide more jobs for educated Indians but later on, under the leadership of Mohandas Gandhi and Pundit Nehru, it worked for Independence from British rule resulting in 1947 in creation of Hindu majority country India.

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
Sir Syed Ahmad Khan has become to be known as the most influential educationist and political Muslim leader in India (cite?). Before the British colonized India, Mogul Emperors encouraged education for both Hindus and Muslims in one place rather than being segregated (cite2). After colonization, Hindus happily joined Christian missionary schools that were run by Christians where as Muslims, being wary of conversions to Christianity, were hesitant to send their children (cite2). This made Muslims less educated than Hindus thus making them less of a citizen (cite2) In 1857 the Indian rebellion, also called the Sepoy rebellion, caused by the British introduction of Infield rifle bullets were greased with cow and pigs fat which had to be bitten off (cite). This infuriated both Hindu and Muslims sepoys as it was against the Hindu beliefs to taste cow grease and against Muslims beliefs to taste pig grease(cite). This rebellion which resulted in a lot of death and destruction was blamed on Muslim soldiers, and thus made Muslims suffer more by the hands of colonizers(cite). In order to reduce the tension between Muslims and British colonizers and educate Muslims to participate in national affairs, a person by the name of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, who was an Islamic reformer and modernist, started the Aligarh movements. The purpose of this movement was to create a common understanding between the Muslims and the British government, to learn English based education,...

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