Past To Present Essay

1895 words - 8 pages

Did you know, the Roman Republic had a tremendous influence on the United States government? By studying how the past connects to the present, one learns how many things have changed and stayed the same. Without the Roman Republic, the United State’s government, might not have the structure and organization it has today!

The Roman Republic, was a government, governed by an intricate constitution, which was based on the idea of separation of powers. The Roman Republic, began in 509 B.C, after the end of the Roman Monarchy and lasted for over 450 years. The constitution of the Roman Republic was highly influenced by the struggle of power between the rich families, the patricians, and other ...view middle of the document...

Citizenship was also only given to free-male landowners. One major difference between the United States government and the Roman Republic is what happens is there was a major problem. When there was chaos the Republic could appoint a dictator, however a dictator was only in power for 6 months and they had to be appointed by the Consuls and then elected by the Senates. Since this was an effective government for it’s time, between 500 BC and 300 BC, the Republic, saw its territory expand from central Italy to the entire Mediterranean world, and in the next century, Rome was able to conquer and control North Africa, the Iberian Peninsula,Greece, and what is now southern France. Finally, during the last two centuries of the Roman Republic, it grew to win over the rest of modern France, as well as much of the east. Then in 27 B.C the Roman Republic was replaced by the Roman Empire. One problem that led to the fall of the Roman Republic was the Republic’s need for money to pay for almost everything. Secondly, there was a lot of crime among elected officials and throughout Rome. Although this may have impacted the fall of the Roman Republic one giant impact was probably Julius Caesar. As Caesar gained power through the support of the people and from his military victories as he was a skilled military leader, the senate became concerned that Caesar might make himself King. In 44 B.C Caesar even declared himself as dictator for life! As a result the Senate killed him, therefore causing a civil war to erupt, and beginning the Roman Empire. Although this was the end of the Roman Republic, it influence was still far from over!

What is the United States government, one might ask? According to Wikipedia, The United States government is a federal constitutional republic, in which the President of the United States, Congress, and judiciary share powers reserved to the national government. This idea is called “separation of powers.” You may have heard of this before and that is because the United States government had a very similar structure as the Roman Republic. After the thirteen colonies gained their independence from Great Britain in the Revolutionary War (1775-1783), they faced many problems. The colonies had to create laws, collect taxes, pay a large public debt, and manage trade. They also had to deal with Indian tribes and other governments. Principal politicians, like George Washington and Alexander Hamilton, began to discuss the importance of creating a strong national government under a new constitution. Hamilton helped start a constitutional convention that met in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1787 to revise the first government, the Articles of Confederation, but most of the representatives at the convention decided to write a new plan of government instead. It was called the Constitution of the United States. According to a RedState Diary, “After Benjamin Franklin emerged from Independence Hall at the close of the Constitutional Convention in...

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