Pathology Of Typhoid Fever Essay

1133 words - 5 pages

Generally a fever is associated with a common cold, but in some cases a fever can be one of the symptoms of the deadly disease Typhoid fever. Typhoid fever is caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi. It is most common in underdeveloped countries but many cases have appeared in the United States and many Western countries. In some places, Typhoid fever is the leading killer of people. There are key symptoms to look out for, many ways to diagnose it, different treatments, and a hopeful prognosis for those who are infected.
This disease has been around for ages, it can date back to the 400 BC, when it struck many villages in Athens and killed one third of the population. The leader of the Athens at that time, Pericles was also affected and died of the disease. Typhoid Fever is a common worldwide illness and has been cited in many areas and countries all over the world. When it first appeared, it was found to be deadly in all the areas it affected. Today, with the advancements in medicine it is not deadly if treated with antibiotics. Typhoid fever is spread through food and water contaminated by people with typhoid shedding S. typhi. It is caused by the bacterium Salmonella typhi, which infects the blood and the intestines.
Typhoid fever is commonly found in developing countries located in Asia, Africa and South America. The disease occurs frequently in countries such as Mexico, Peru, Chile, India, and Pakistan “The higher mortality rates from typhoid fever seen in many developing countries can be attributed to a weak—or non-existent—healthcare infrastructure, which does not provide ready access to the antibiotics that could cure the disease” (Aldridge, 2008). “According to the World Health Organization, there are around 17 million cases of typhoid fever each year, of which 600,000 prove fatal” (Aldridge, 2008). In the United States, 400 cases are reported each year, and about 200 cases in England, mainly in returning travelers. Typhoid fever usually affects patients between the ages five and ninteen, although it can affect people of either sex at any age. There was a recent outbreak in 2004 in Kinshasa, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The fatality rate was 30%, and until sanitation and clean water was brought to the area there were 214 reported deaths and 42,000 cases. There are many common symptoms of Typhoid fever that people can be on the lookout for if they suspect they have been infected.
“The symptoms of typhoid include high fever, chills, cough, muscle pain, weakness, stomach pain, headache, and a rash made up of flat, rose-colored spots” (Aldridge, 2008). If a person infected with the bacteria begins to notice these symptoms, a doctor should be notified immediately. The course of an untreated Typhoid fever takes about four weeks. The first week there is an increase in the temperature of the infected person, along with a cough and headache. The second week consists of a high fever, the person becomes delusional, red...

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