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Patient Safety Essay

1060 words - 5 pages

Introduction
The safety of patients is a critical component in ensuring timely recovery. Thus, patient safety is the process by which medical practitioners seek to reduce or otherwise eliminate medical errors that adversely affect the safety of a patient (Corrigan, 2012). This involves healthcare practitioners emphasizing on the need to have proper reporting and analysis procedures when recording an event (Gogan, Baxter, Boss, & Chircu, 2013). The mechanisms used by America compares with those used in other developed countries such as Canada, Spain, United Kingdom and Australia. The paper discusses the safety of American healthcare system in comparison with United Kingdom.
Patient Safety
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Winter (2013) explained that the initiative links the healthcare compensation and the work quality done by employee in the Companies. P4P program operates under Medicare and Medicaid as a mode of eliminating healthcare cost for quality care. Medicare and Medicaid have formulated projects that can be used to improve healthcare systems countrywide (Vincent, 2011).
The American healthcare system turns out as safe because of the evidence-based medicine system, which includes integration of individual health personnel’s diagnostic skills and examinations to the medical research evidences (Gogan et al., 2013). Sultz & Young (2010) argued that the doctor’s field of specialization helps in deciding on the medication taken for a particular disease and the care to specific patients, by providing accurate tests and diagnostics to a patient. Evidence –based medicine recommendations for particular medical complications lead to treatment of the right disease and accords respect to the patient’s rights. America has over 1,700 set guidelines for physicians to apply in the process of evidence-based medicine (Winter, 2013).
Public reporting, which began in 1999 following recommendations from the Institute of Medicine (IOM), is a mechanism used by the American government ensures the safety in the healthcare system of America. The initiative gives a nationwide report regarding adverse occasions in death or harmful incidences to the public (Vincent, 2011). This was followed by enactment of the Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act of 2005 leading to the creation of a federal public reporting database.
The U.K. Healthcare System
United Kingdom has adopted the RFID platform as a technologically reliable approach to offer consistent patient details from moment of entry through to discharge. RFID system helps healthcare personnel to identify patients using scanners upon presentation of electronic tags in an automatic way.
The P4P program in U.K. is operated under the National Health Service (NHS) under the Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF) (Vincent, 2011). This program enables companies to increase employee salaries to cover the clinical care for chronic ailments.
In United Kingdom, the National Institute for health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) offer detailed clinical guidance for both the public and healthcare personnel over specific medication conditions (Corrigan, 2012). However, these guidelines are formulated by a committee whose mandate is to formulate healthcare policies. However, this committee lacks credible evidence emanating...

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