Patriarchy and Gender Roles in GenesisChristine GreenwoodSouth UniversityWorld Literature
Running head: PATRIARCHY AND GENDER ROLES IN GENESIS
PATRIARCHY AND GENDER ROLES IN GENESIS
Patriarchy and Gender Roles in GenesisPatriarchy is defined as a form of social organization in which males dominate females, while matriarchy is a female dominated society. (Macionis, 2008). While matriarchy does exist, it is patriarchy that is prevalent in the world. Patriarchy and male domination can be traced back as early as Genesis and Adam and Eve.Patriarchal dominance can be traced back mankind's creation. Genesis one says, "So God created mankind in his own image, in the image of God he created them; male and female he created them" (Genesis 1:27, New International Version). If one were to believe Genesis one's account of creation, it would show that, when God created man and woman he intended them to be equal. However, in Genesis two it is suggested that equality was not God's intention because God created man and woman from different sources, plus because of Eve eating from the tree of knowledge and feeding some of the fruit to Adam, God punished Eve, telling her, "Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you," collectively, it all insinuates that patriarchy, gender roles and inequality between men and women did not evolve over time, but existed from the beginning of mankind's creation (Gen 3:16).In Genesis one there is implied equality amongst men and women. Along with man and woman being created in God's image, Genesis 1:28 states, "God blessed them and said to them, 'Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it.' Rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky and over every living creature that moves on the ground," showing man and woman were to rule together equally. On the contrary, in Genesis two there is immediate, but subtle signs of differences between man and woman that resulted in inequality. God created man first showing that there was an order that was to be followed and God had made them to fit certain roles he defined. "The Lord God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to work it and take care of it" (Gen 2:15). Man had a purpose when God created him; he was to work the garden and take care of it. Woman was only created so the man would not be alone; at that point, God had no other purpose for woman. The Lord God said, "It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make a helper suitable for him (Gen 2:18). "God created men and women differently; he made man,...