This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Patriarchy In Classical Societies Essay

1142 words - 5 pages

Before the Classical era, women were living in an egalitarian dominant culture, especially in the hunter-gatherer lifestyle. Stone Age artwork depicts symbols of women being respected as fertile beings, goddesses and in different social roles. Then during the Classical era as civilizations began to advance in their agriculture, the status of women began to decline especially in the upper classes. Stearns in his book notes that, "….as agricultural civilizations developed and became more prosperous and more elaborately organized, the status of women often deteriorated".1 This led to the rise of the commanding theme of patriarchalism. Sterns also further notes that, "Its enforcement, through law and culture, was one means by which societies tried to achieve order".2 Major civilizations such as China, India and Rome all had a system of patriarchy which had similarities and differences in their own forms.In China, especially in the elite classes, marriages were arranged according to family alliances rather than romantic concerns. Young men had little say in their marriages as well as women. The wife would move into her in-laws and would possibly be subjected to the demands and criticisms of the mother in-law. Widowed women could remarry and all women participated in family ceremonies. However, women were tutored in writing, arts and music. Stearns states that "Despite these promising trends, women at all social levels remained subordinated to men".3 Family households were run by men and male children inherited more property than females.4In the lower classes of China, women didn't live in extended households commonly. They usually cooked, cleaned the houses and worked long hours in the fields. They had more social outlets and financial freedom but still were under their male relatives in the households such as their fathers or husbands.5Upper and lower class level women in China were subjected to one thing in common. This was that their vital function in society was to preferably bear male children.In Classical India, there was a dominance of the Brahman caste system. Each person was born into their caste and they were obligated to follow their duty associated with their caste. Stearns mentions that the extended family household began to become an ideal way to live especially in the upper classes. He states, "At times, up to four generations, from great-grandparents to their great-grandsons and great-grand-daughters, lived together in the same dwelling of a family compound."6 This led to less privacy and domestic quarrels amongst family members but also provided more support and stability. Only the elite could afford to live in such large households.Lower caste groups such as peasants and artisans in India couldn't afford to live in such a large household, thus they lived in nuclear families. Because the majority of the population was in the lower class group, most Indian families lived in single family households sometimes with an occupying...

Find Another Essay On Patriarchy in Classical Societies

Exploration Of The Matthew Shepard Event

1696 words - 7 pages continuum. Applying this concept to gay bashing means entertaining the idea that homosociality that often includes homophobia is not intrinsically dichotomized against homosexuality (Sedgwick 1985). The homophobia that exists within societies in general is not required in order to perpetuate the established patriarchy. For the purpose of remaining at the top of the gender hierarchy, men need not prove to themselves and to other men that

The Power of Myth Essay

4019 words - 16 pages researching the reasons behind the shift from matriarchy-patriarchy in our mythological understandings. If ìHistorically and spiritually we are distanced from the Goddess by the succeeding patriarchal societies and their religionsî then we have a duty to find ways to use myths as a way to close that gap. (Streep 14) Otherwise we will continue to educate our students to circumvent truths and further the dominant culture by remaining ignorant to the ways

Comparison of Post-classical societies

885 words - 4 pages emerging Sultanates from the Southern region of India to the Western Pacific Rim (Lecture 16). Politics In the post-classical Indian society, there were many regional kingdoms (Lecture 16). Politically, both the Islamic and Indian society had strong influence on the how the neighboring societies were shaped during the post-classical era. During this period, there was a collapse of centralized political rule within the Indian society. There were also

Women in Ancient Times: from Matriarchy to Patriarchy

2453 words - 10 pages primarily determined by the Moon, and noted the correspondence of the lunar and menstrual cycles, and that the Earth Mother was associated with the Moon Goddess. He also felt that the changeover to the patriarchy coincided largely with the changeover to the solar calendar and the worship of a solar deity. Extensive archaeological evidence was unearthed in the 1950's 60's and 70's from the Near East and Europe to support his claim of a universal Earth

Ecofeminism

5999 words - 24 pages "instrumentalization" of nature and its creatures (including human beings). Nature is abused. Moreover, western religion, science, and economics justify the violence done. Societies before the western patriarchy had different ideology and values. The patriarchy suppressed the pagan concept of the immanent life within nature. It deprived nature of its previously assumed sacredness. It deprived humans of the previous sense of oneness and life in

Patriarchy and Matriarchy in Hinduism and Islam

1581 words - 7 pages practices similarly to regional culture is economic class. Kana explains how a woman’s economic class will affect her practice on purdah by stating, “In the rural areas women of lower class do not adhere to it, because in most cases they have to work with their men, but the higher class women still observe this seclusion” (Mitra, 585). Furthermore, patriarchy and matriarchy in Hindu societies vary depending on a woman’s role in her family. For

Classical Studies Collection Development Librarian

1385 words - 6 pages I am the Classical Studies collection development librarian at a large state university. The Classical Studies collection is a direct product of the research, acquisitions requests and curriculum of the Department of Classical Studies . The collection is in place to support the present and possible future instructional needs of the faculty. Its other important function is to provide the materials needed for basic research by the university

Orthodox Sociological Understandings of Work, Employment and Professions

2388 words - 10 pages entering the labour market thus creating an interest in the work carried out by women. There has also been a great feminist interest in the sociology of work, employment and the professions and this has both challenged and increased traditional understandings of work. Classical approaches to work almost ignore gender in their explanations or at least view it as being irrelevant. Marx saw women’s exploitation as a

The Transition to Complex Societies: Moving Forward

2404 words - 10 pages the evolution of many other societies as well. Also, this transition has formed how large cities, as well as large civilizations, exist. In addition, and perhaps the most important reason that this transition is so significant, is that advancements in technology, like architecture, changes in government, as in patriarchy and also new ideas about life, such as religion, all contribute to how modern society functions. Furthermore, these aspects of

Patriarchy in Pakistan

1330 words - 5 pages Patriarchy in PakistanPakistan belongs to a part of the world where a woman's status can be measured by indicators such as sex ratio, literacy levels, economic activity, labor-force participation, and women in government. The Constitution of Pakistan gives equal rights to both men and women. However in reality men have manipulated women to become more powerful than women. Men hold most top end positions in government while women rarely appear in

Why Does Gender Stratification Exist?

1154 words - 5 pages female subordination. It also refers to the power relations in which women’s interests are sub-ordinated to the interests of men. Patriarchy is the outcome of sociological constructions that are passed down from one generation to the next generation. These constructions are most pronounced in societies with traditional cultures and less economic development. Modern developed societies, however, gender messages are conveyed by family, mass media

Similar Essays

Origins Of Patriarchy Essay

996 words - 4 pages in other words, though power transferred to men people were still accustomed to worshiping goddesses. “It is remarkable that in societies which had subordinated women economically, educationally, and legally, the spiritual and metaphysical power of goddesses still remained active and strong.” (Lerner 23). This source shows that patriarchy is most definitely not natural as there have been matriarchal societies. The invention of the plough is what

Patriarchy In India, China, Greece And Rome

1165 words - 5 pages week; their main roles reproductive and domestic. Information about patriarchy in the classical era, though abundant, was, for the most part, written by men, therefore history does not give us an accurate depiction of women’s viewpoints. Four societies of the classical era, India, China, Greece, and Rome, adopted a patriarchal system, however, due to many factors, each developed identifiable characteristics. Because they did not have a

The Role Of Women In Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World

654 words - 3 pages prove that one major theme within this novel is that females simply exist as possessions to be controlled. The feminist theory can be used as a lens to examine this central them by relating it to the concepts of patriarchy, gender binaries, and suppression of women. Females only exist for the sole purpose of being controllable possessions and this is easy to see in the way that patriarchy influences the societies in the novel. In chapter 3

The Effects Of Classical Civilizations On The Modern World

640 words - 3 pages Classical civilizations are civilizations that influence later societies. The four classical civilizations have had a great impact on many other civilizations. Another example of a classical civilization besides Greece is Rome. Classical civilizations have had both a positive and negative affect on the modern world. From around 1750- 133 B.C.E., discrimination based on gender arose in classical Greece. When Greece developed, it did not form