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Patters Of Atmospheric Heating And Circulation

709 words - 3 pages

The global pattern of atmospheric heating and circulation is the high precipitation in the tropics which is produced by high rates of evaporation and subsequent concentration of water vapor in ascending air masses. Energy from the sun heats up earth but unfortunately it doesn’t distribute it evenly across the surface of the earth. The tropics receive more heat radiation than they produce the arctic or the polar region produce more radiation than they receive. The clouds formed in this way produce the heavy precipitation associated with the tropics. The mechanisms of high precipitation at temperate latitudes is produced when warm, moisture-bearing subtropical air meets cold polar air, which forces condensation of the water vapor in the subtropical air mass. Precipitation is mainly to do with the temperature of the air. Higher the airs temperature the more moisture it can hold, and vice-versa. Since the tropics are warmer the air holds more moisture and won't lose it until it interacts with colder air, which is usually at mountains as cold air is forced up into the hot air by the side of the mountain. It's warmer at the tropics as the suns energy has fewer atmospheres to get through. The further the north and south you go the greater the angle the sunlight hits the atmosphere at and so the more it has to pass through resulting in less energy by the time it reaches the ground.
The atmospheric circulation and the seasonal changes in the sun’s orientation to earth which is part of the earth that gets the most direct sunlight at any given time is called the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone. “The Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone appears to be as a group of clouds consisting of showers, with occasional thunderstorms, that encircles the globe near the equator.” The solid group of clouds may extend for many hundreds of miles and is sometimes broken into smaller line segments. The low pressure causes air to rise and as it rises it cools and condenses into clouds and if it condenses rapidly enough it forms...

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