Paul Ehrlich and His Advancements to the World of Medicine
The German bacteriologist Paul Ehrlich made important advances to the world of medicine. He is best remembered for his development of the arsenic compound number 606, which was used as a treatment of syphilis. As a Nobel Prize Winner and an honored scientist, fellow scientists and doctors praise Paul Ehrlich for his contributions. Ehrlich led a wonderful and intriguing life, which is greatly admired.
Paul Ehrlich was born on March 14, 1854 in Strehlen Prussia. He was the son of a prosperous Jewish family. Ismar Ehrlich and Rosa (Weigert) Ehrlich, Paul's parents, were both from scientific backgrounds. It was not surprising that he had an attraction to the realm of science. Paul Ehrlich looked up to his cousin Karl Weigert. Paul began primary school at St. Maria Magdalena Humanistic Gymnasium at the age of six. He graduated at in 1872. After his graduation, he attended the University of Breslau for a semester then transferred to the University of Strassburg. With help
from his tutor, he was able to discover a new variety of mastcells through his staining experiments. Paul then returned to the University of Breslau in 1874. He continued to experiment with dyes in Leipzig, where his university studies continued. In 1877, Paul Ehrlich published a paper on dyes. A year later, he graduated as a doctor of medicine.
Ehrlich's major contributions to science began as soon as he became a doctor. Now a doctor Paul Ehrlich became assistant and eventually the senior house physician at the Charite Hospital in Berlin. While working at the hospital, Ehrlich grew to be known as an expert stainer. He showed that all dyes could be categorized as being basic, acid, or neutral. Through staining experiments, he discovered the tubercule bacilli. With this discovery, Ehrlich collaborated with Robert Koch and undertook the first treatment of patients with tuberculosis in the Moabit Hospital located in Berlin. Paul Ehrlich married a nineteen-year-old Hedwig Pinkus in 1883. Almost a year later Ehrlich made titular professor at Berlin. In 1887, he became a teacher at the University of Berlin but because of anti-Semitic feelings, he was not paid. Ehrlich contracted tuberculosis because of his
laboratory work. He and his wife went to Egypt so he could recover and they returned three years later in 1890. With the discovery of Koch's new tuberculin treatment Ehrlich never had a recurrence. In the same year, Robert Koch appointed Ehrlich as one of his assistants at the Institute for Infectious Diseases. Here, Ehrlich begins the immunological studies that make him famous.
Ehrlich first developed the side-chain theory in which he demonstrated how one of...