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Pavlov's Discovery Essay

409 words - 2 pages

Classical conditioning was discovered by Ivan Pavlov. His discoverywas made during a study on the salivation of dogs when given food. Pavlov observedthat the dogs began salivating at the sound of the scientists footsteps and at theirappearance into the room. This led Pavlov to study the phenomenon further.The experiments that Pavlov was originally observing were based on the set ofunconditioned stimulus and its unconditioned response. What is meant by conditioned isthat the response is ...view middle of the document...

This new set is known as the conditioned stimulus and theconditioned response. Conditioned response is when the response is learned. Thestimulus begins as neutral and causes no conditioned response. However, if the neutralstimulus can be associated with another stimulus, then it becomes a conditioned stimulus.Classical conditioning can be exemplified in the home, and school. In the home achild could smell brownies baking in the kitchen which makes his mouth water. Thebrownies are the unconditioned stimulus, the smell is the conditioned stimulus, and thewatering of the mouth is the conditioned response. In working situation, a man may bewaiting to be fired. When he sees his boss he begins to sweat. The unconditionedstimulus is getting fired, the conditioned stimulus is the sight of the boss, the conditionedresponse is the sweating. In school a boy may be in class when suddenly the firealarm goes off at which time the boy walks to exit the building. The unconditionedstimulus is fear of a fire, the conditioned stimulus is the sound of the alarm, and theconditioned response is the exiting of the building.In closing, classical conditioning is a very good explanation of an organism's wayof learning. These two explanations are valid and existent. This can be seen through ourexperiences in the home, work, and school.

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