Farmworkers are fundamental to your country. They are the ones who allow that are food reach our tables across America. Oregon is a state of farmworkers each year millions of migrants migrant year round to Oregon for the picking and planting of crops. Like for example the crops of strawberries and mushrooms among others. PCUN is an organization in Oregon which strives to empower farmworkers to understand and take action against systematic exploitation from farmworkers employers.
PCUN stand for “Pineros y Campesinos Unidos del Noroeste (Northwest Tree planters and Farmworkers United)”. PCUN “founded in 1985 by 80 farmworkers”. PCUN since the start of its foundation strived to empower the migrant worker and has since then “registered more than 5,000 members, 98% of which are Mexican and Central American immigrants”. The need for an organization like PCUN started ,“in the late 1950s, [when] sizable Mexican communities began to emerge in Willamette Valley towns like Woodburn, St. Paul,Independence, and Gervais”. But what was the caused these migrants of Mexican and Central American decent to migrant to Oregon? The, “Growth of the Mexican population in Oregon was spurred in the 1940s by three related factors: continuing growth in agriculture, the onset of World War II, and the existence of the Bracero Program”. The Bracero Program was designed to recruit Mexican laborers to work for all the whom had left to fight during World War II. Or to replace those who left farm work to work in industry during this time. Mexican Laborers were seen has cheep labor. Which encouraged employers to employ Mexican Labors has farmworkers. But after sometime many employers did not follow the Bracero Program rules and they started to abuse and exploit the farmworkers. For example paying them lower wages and providing horrible working and living conditions.
PCUN is, “ is located in Woodburn, a town of just over 20,000 located in the mid-Willamette Valley, the center of Oregon's agricultural industry”. Woodburn, today is a small town with a big hispanic presence. “Woodburn, which evolved during the 1960's into a service and cultural center for the Valley's Mexican community, currently has a majority Latino population of just over 50%”. PCUNS objectives is to help and provide support various workers from different areas of agriculture, including: “year-round employees, irrigators, seasonal workers, cannery workers, nursery and reforestation”. The efforts of PCUN is to stop the exploitation and abuse of farmworkers. And to be able to achieve fair wages and benefits that allow farmworkers to have a better way of life for them selfs and their family. Has Lynn Stephen mentions PCUN was not only founded to, “solely focus on labor issues and conditions, but rather [was founded to be.. ] an area of equal or sometimes greater and more immediate concern to the community and immigration” .
The first years after the establishment and foundation of...