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Peace Negotiations In Colombia Essay

2595 words - 10 pages

September 4, 2012, a day that changed Colombians life. Once again Colombia faces a peace negotiation with the FARC, but this time everything is different from the past failed negotiations. First, these negotiations have an agenda and are being held in front of the whole world, giving reports constantly to the Colombians. Second, it is the first time in which both parts have a true will for peace and reconciliation; this can be seen in the fact that the FARC have accept they are offenders and not victims for the very first time. Third, the victims of the conflict are playing an important role in the negotiations and are being considered as an essential part of the process. Finally Colombia is witnessing true peace negotiations, but not everyone is in favor of this process, there are some people that not only disagree with the negotiations but are against them and want to stop them. Álvaro Uribe and his apprentice Oscar Iván Zuluga want to change the negotiations through the new presidential elections. Zuluaga is the candidate from the political party Centro Democrático, one of his politics is against the peace negotiations; he asks for surrender instead of negotiation. Peace negotiations need to succeed in Colombia, but this can only happen under realistic negotiating conditions.

The country needs the negotiations to succeed because there would be an important economic improvement. The victims of the conflict are not only the ones that are threatened by the FARC, there are victims of fear. Fear is a terrible friend everywhere, especially in economy; no one will invest in an insecure country. "The results of a survey made by the Universidad de los Andes in 2008 showed the effects of the conflict. The results showed that "three fourths of the surveyed people declared that, in absence of the conflict, they would invest more in productivity, innovation and hiring people, which means an economical increase" (Sáenz 1). There are indirect victims of the conflict, the victims whose life is indirectly affected by the consequences of the war; a huge number of indirect victims are located in the group of unemployed people. "'By the first year there would be an increase of 2,239 workers in a scenery in which there is no conflict, this difference would increase even more and after eight years there would be a scenery of 1,37 million of additional workers…'" (Sáenz 1). In order to look for economic progress in the country, peace is necessary. Colombia needs successful negotiation process because it would increase the feeling of security in the entire country, this will open the doors for foreign investment and consequently a decrease in the unemployment rate. The creation of new jobs will also give the opportunity to the demobilized people to find a new financial source different to drug dealing, kidnapping and/or killing. This would guarantee that the demobilized people reintegrate to the society and do not go back to the mountains or forests to form new...

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