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Peacemaking Process Essay

1850 words - 7 pages

WWI is considered the war to end all wars but what procedures were used to make this statement possible. In 4 years this war claimed the lives of approximately 20 million people and physically destroyed most of Europe. This left most of the world in despair and sparked the idea of obtaining world peace. The first step used to launch this task was the Treaty of Versailles. An organization known as the League of Nations was created as a result of this treaty and it played a vital role in this peace making process. This new organization drafted a plan known as the mandate systems which handled the dealings of the territory lost during the war. These steps were made to stop wars like this from ever happening again but did it accomplish that goal? Could any provisions be made to more successfully keep the world in peace after such a clash? Who was to blame for the war and how was Europe going to start the process of reconstructing? After such an epic battle questions like these were obligated to be answered.
On June 28, 1914, a Siberian named Gavrilo Princip exterminated Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie in Sarajevo, Bosnia. (The Death of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and the Outbreak of World War I) Ferdinand was the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne. Ferdinand was seen as threat to an organization known as the Black Hand. Black Hand’s main goal was achieve independent Serbian state and they felt that Ferdinand's plans to grant concessions to the South Slavs would jeopardize that. (Archduke Franz Ferdinand) The assassination led to the Austro-Hungarian invasion of Serbia on July 28th. The invasion caused other countries such as Germany, France, Russia, and others to engage in battle because of treaties and deals made earlier. This assassination sparked the war.
This epic battle lasted for 4 long gruesome years and was fought by two Belligerents: The Allied Powers and The Central Powers. The Allied Powers consisted of France, Great Britain, Russia, Italy, Japan, America, and others. The Central Powers consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary, The Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria. This war introduced new methods and technological advances used to fight a war and they were a key component to why Europe was left in shambles. This war was responsible for over 40 million casualties and approximately 20 million military and civilian deaths. Participants of the war accumulated $200 billion in war budgets, with total property damage around $40 billion. (World War 1)
Towards the end of the war, the Allies were looking victorious and on November 11, 1918 the war was ended when the Allies and Germany agreed to the armistice. Then on June 28th, 1919 America, France, and Great Britain signed the Treaty of Versailles. The treaty was highly debated for months due to opposing thoughts of the three countries. Georges Clemenceau of France and David Lloyd George of Britain sought out revenge on Germany and wanted to cripple them from ever starting another war....

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