Pearl Harbor Essay

1015 words - 4 pages

Pearl Harbor

Pearl Harbor is a natural harbor on the island of Oahu, Hawaii. One of
the largest and best natural harbors in the Eastern Pacific Ocean, The
U.S. Military has set up many military installations. On Dec. 7, 1941,
while negotiations were going on with the Japanese in Washington,
Japanese carrier-based planes came in without warning over Oahu and
attacked the U.S. Pacific fleet in Pearl Harbor. 19 Naval vessels,
including eight battleships, were sunk or severely damaged; 188 U.S.
aircrafts were destroyed. Casualties for the U.S. were 2,280 killed,
1,109 wounded, and 68 civilians also died. The next day, the United
States declared war on Japan.

On the morning of December 7, 1941, planes and submarines of the
Japanese Navy surprise attacked the US. This order was given by Vice
Admiral Chuichi Nagumo. This attack brought the United States into
World War II. Early in the morning on December 7th, six Japanese
carriers launched a wave of 181 planes, which consisted of torpedo
bombers, dive-bombers, horizontal bombers and fighters. The Japanese
hit American ships and military installations with specialized
torpedoes especially made for this operation. They attacked military
airfields at the same time they hit the fleet anchored in Pearl
Harbor. Overall, there were twenty-one ships of the U.S. Pacific Fleet
were sunk or damaged.

Japan was originally reluctant to go to war with the United States.
The United States supplied Japan with over fifty percent of its steel,
oil, and iron, but Imperial Japan wanted to gain their own resources
so they no longer had to depend on the United States’s. On September
27, 1940, Japan entered the Triple alliance with Germany and Italy.
When they gained the support needed by joining the Triple alliance,
the Imperial Japanese military invaded Northern Indochina. In
response, the United States, placed an embargo on aviation gasoline,
scrap metal, steel, and iron. After Japan's invasion of the rest of
Indochina, the United States also placed an embargo on oil as well.
The Japanese knew that they could now sustain themselfs, they decided
to hit the Americans where it would cripple their Pacific Naval fleet
so that japan could obtain some natural resources for itself.
Negotiations went on in Washington, but both sides seemed to have
decided that evading war was impossible. On November 25, 1941, with
the negotiations still going on, the Japanese sent aircraft carriers
eastward toward Hawaii and began setting up troops on the Malayan
border. American military leaders, gave only general warnings to U.S....

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