The attack on Pear Harbor has influenced history in a way
that has made America stronger. It helped America unite as
a country, allowing them to overcome greater obstacles. One
example is the recent tragedy of September 11. I believe that Pearl
Harbor helped unite America as a nation so when the bombing on
September 11 happened, it helped the U.S. handle this tragedy.
In my report, I would like to tell you of the events leading up to the
day of the attack on Pearl Harbor and subsequent events.
In 1937, Japan invaded China and began waging a war on
them. Since Japan was militaristic, the official head of the Japanese
government did not have real power. Instead, the reins of
power were held by military officials. Military leaders convinced
Japanese people that they were under divine protection and could not
be defeated. On September 27, 1940, Japan signed the Tripartite
Treaty with Germany and Italy, which joined them to the Axis Powers.
The Japanese invasion of China disturbed America, for the U.S.
and China had always been close allies. Many Americans were
alarmed by the increasingly hostile nature of Japan’s leaders and by
her powerful military thus when Chinese leader asked the U.S. for
assistance, President Roosevelt declared a moral embargo. He also
started strengthening American defenses in the Pacific. The center
of activity was the naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
Japan saw the embargo on China as a threat. Japan asked to
be left alone, but America refused, insisting that they withdraw from
China. Soon the embargo began to hurt Japan’s economy. So they
decided to push America out of the Pacific. Japanese military leaders
warned that a long war with the U.S. would result in a Japanese
defeat. Japan believed that a knockout blow must be dealt to the
American’s at the very beginning. They decided to launch a sneak
attack on Pearl Harbor knowing that by destroying America’s Pacific
fleet, the U.S. would not be able to fight back, and they would have to
surrender. In the months before the attack on United States bases in
the Pacific, the young Japanese men trained rigorously for service in
their country’s air forces. Several factors prevented the American
command from anticipating the surprise attack at Pearl Harbor. Even
though the Americans had broken the secret Japanese diplomatic
code, the decoded messages were closely guarded. People in
important positions never received the valuable information in
decoded messages. Also, because of the economic depression
carried over from the 1930s, there was little money for new
equipment and more servicemen. Since Pearl Harbor was so
shallow, the American command felt that underwater torpedoes could
not be used against ships there. Finally, the Americans felt that
Japanese equipment and servicemen...