1. Define pedophilic disorder, being sure to describe the “typical” individual with this disorder. Second, describe a form of therapy that has been used with pedophiles.
(233) Pedophilic disorders are where the individual experiences consisted and frequent sexual urges, fantasies, or behavior that involve touching and rubbing a non-consenting individual. It is also said that men with this disorder usually have other psychological disorders. Individuals, usually develop this disorder in adolescence and have been abused, neglected, punished, or deprived a close relationship during their childhood. Also they are usually married and have problems especially sexual difficulties that lead them to seek to be the master instead of the immature individuals they are. Their social and sexual skills maybe lacking and lead them to distorted thinking like it’s all right to have sex with a child as long as they agree, but they also blame the child if they’re caught or say the child benefited from the encounter. Individuals with this disorder usually experience greater arousal from prepubescent or early pubescent children, but other are attracted to adults (Comer, 2014, p.411). The treatment for this disorder is about the same as other paraphilic disorder with aversion therapy, masturbatory satiation, orgasmic reorientation, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and antiandrogen drugs, but the most effective treatment for some is in the cognitive-behavioral therapy which they call relapse prevention training. It is the same treatment used for substance abuse where the individual identifies what triggers their pedophilic urges and actions. Then they learn new techniques for avoiding or coping with those urges and actions (Comer, 2014, p.413).
Comer, R. J. (2013) Abnormal Psychology, 8th Ed. New York, NY: Worth Publishers.
2. Discuss the changes in the understanding and treatment of sexual dysfunction over the last 40 years.
Before answering the question lets define sexual dysfunction. It is a disorder marked by the inability to function in some responses to the sexual response cycle. The sexual response cycle consists of four phases: desire, excitement, orgasm, and resolution (Comer, 2014, p.388). With this being said the last forty years have brought major changes. In the first half of the twentieth century clinicians thought that sexual dysfunction was caused by failure to follow through with the psychosexual stages. During this time their approach was long-term psychodynamic therapy which was unsuccessful, but they used techniques of free association and therapist interpretations which helped the patients gain insight about they’re selves and their dysfunctions. Next in the 1950’s and 1960’s therapists tried to reduce fears they thought were causing the dysfunction by applying relaxation training and systematic desensitization these treatments failed because of misinformation , negative mind-sets and lack of sexual technique. Finally a...