Peer Affiliation, Social Behavior, And Callous Unemotional Traits In Adolescence

2384 words - 10 pages

Psychopathy is a mental disorder characterized by a profound lack of remorse, impulsivity, superficial charm, callousness, manipulativeness, narcissism, and severe, recidivist violent criminal behavior (Hart & Hare, 1997). Its effect on society as a whole is considerable: while true psychopaths are rare in the general population, studies indicate that 5-6% of incarcerated convicts display symptoms consistent with psychopathy – and that this small fraction of offenders is responsible for as much as 50-60% of committed crimes (Lynam, 1998). As psychopaths are notoriously resistant to treatment (Dolan & Coid, 1993; Dolan & Doyle, 2007), much of the existing literature has focused on attempting to identify psychological and social correlates of psychopathic behavior in an attempt to learn more about the etiology of and the risk factors leading to the development of this disorder. Psychopathy has been studied primarily in adult populations, but in recent years there has been a burgeoning body of evidence in support of the existence of psychopathic traits in children and adolescents (Boccaccini et al., 2007; Farrington, 2005; Salekin & Lochman, 2008; Salekin, 2010). This literature is of particular importance for identifying potential childhood interventions which could serve to decrease the likelihood of childhood psychopathic traits developing into full-blown psychopathy in adulthood.
The most defining characteristic of psychopathy is the presence of callous-unemotional traits, which are characterized by trait fearlessness, absence of conscience, and low emotional reactivity to aversive stimuli. The presence of callous-unemotional traits in children and adolescents has been found to represent a unique risk factor for the development of antisocial behavior, more so than even the robust risk factors of impulsivity, early-onset conduct problems, and deviant social information processing (Glenn, Raine, Venables, & Mednick, 2007; Stickle, Kirkpatrick, & Brush, 2009). In fact, callous-unemotionality appears to be an indicator for the development of more severe antisocial behavior than these other factors (Glenn et al., 2007). Since callous-unemotional traits are so significant for the development of future psychopathy and severe antisociality, this paper will focus specifically on the callous-unemotional temperamental style and its correlates.
Given that adolescents spend a dominating majority of their time in the presence of their peers, when studying any form of psychopathology in this population it is of eminent importance to also consider the effect of peer relations on the construct of interest. The growing body of work in the peer relations literature has demonstrated the profound impact that social interactions with peers has on adolescent behavior and psychological development. An understanding of peer relations can shed light on a number of facets regarding the etiology and presentation of adoelscent psychopathology which have,...

Find Another Essay On Peer Affiliation, Social Behavior, and Callous-Unemotional Traits in Adolescence

Analysis of "Development and Validation of a Questionnaire for Measuring Behavior and Temperament Traits in Pet Dogs"

1458 words - 6 pages behavioral problems had entirely different scoring patterns than the other problems did. The exception to this was non-social fear and attention-seeking behavior, which had moderate overlap.DiscussionThe results of this study were similar to those of a previous study of behavioral and temperamental traits in prospective guide dogs (Development and Validation of a Novel Method for Evaluating Behavior and Temperament in Guide Dogs, 2001) by the

Scalability and Consistency in Peer-to-Peer Based Network Gaming

2012 words - 8 pages results that occur in the game world back to clients. As the number of clients grows, scalability is achieved by employing server clusters. In addition to broadcasting results, the server is also responsible for: managing player positions in the virtual world, manage the AI and non-player characters in the world, and securely save each player’s characters and their traits. An optional model being widely proposed for deploying MMOGs is the peer-to

Culture and Social Behavior

678 words - 3 pages Differentiate between social behavior and culture. Provide an example. Social behavior is the specific manner an individual behaves in different situations or places. We are all taught as a child how we should act in public, in school, and even in our own homes. As an adult, we may have one personality in the workplace, and another at home, and possibly even another in the social side of life. Younger individuals or teenagers behave in a

Conduct Disorder (CD) in Children and Adolescence

3420 words - 14 pages Conduct disorder (CD) in children and adolescence is a serious matter that has major adverse effects to the child, to their parents, and to their entire community. This disorder is chronic and worsens overtime that forces the child into a life of risky aggressive impulses, pattern of destructive behavior, disregard for rules, regulation, and authority. Since CD is a condition that develops over a long period of time, children can carry the side

Self-Concept in Childhood and Adolescence

915 words - 4 pages I make friends very easily. Be enable to take the perspective to the others is vital to social aspects understanding. In the video, professor Berk, play a perspective game in which she asked from two hypothetical observers; a child and a baby to two different girls; in the play she hide a picture of a horse only showing the tip of the ears, when she asked to the girls what is the picture about, they answered they don’t know it is a horse because

Adolescence: Fitting in and Not Standing Out

1133 words - 5 pages to others, but you can’t be nice to everyone. Can you really reach the top by fitting in and not standing out? Adolescence is about growing up and not standing out. When you stand out, you give people more room to judge you because they see more of who you really are. When we grew up, we never really thought about being in the ‘in-crowd’ because we were all friends. When I moved up here from Mississippi, people were so fascinated with my accent

Sexual Abuse in Childhood and Adolescence

1735 words - 7 pages Sexual Abuse in Childhood and Adolescence Reason for Choosing Topic When this assignment was given at the beginning of the quarter, I had no idea what I was going to write about. The realm of family violence and child abuse is so broad that I had to take a step back and look at the various topics and ways I could take this paper. I eventually chose sexual abuse in childhood and adolescence because I have never been able to grasp why the

Sexual Abuse in Childhood and Adolescence

1760 words - 8 pages is also a Board Certified Behavior Analyst and teaches online psychology courses for the University of Phoenix. Through the course of the interview, Cooper made it apparent she has a lot of experience with this population (CSA victims and perpetrators) during her 12 years of practicing. “I worked for two different group homes with teens that were sexually abused and were sexual abusers themselves. I have also worked with this population in

Communication and Social Behavior in the Atlantic Bottlenose Dolph

2257 words - 9 pages Introduction Social behavior in mammals other than humans has always been something that has fascinated not only scientists, but the general population as well. Large mammals known to exhibit similar behaviors to humans have always been popular favorites at zoos and aquariums. One particular favorite is an animal known for its social behavior and intelligence: Tursiops truncates, the bottlenose dolphin (Prevost, 1995). This cetacean has global

Social Networking and Today's Behavior

620 words - 3 pages generations. As a result people have lost all etiquette through social networking such as Facebook; according to Elizabeth Stone in her article "Grief In The age of Facebook" people lose their shame of grief and mourning's of a loved one. Social networking is transforming our behavior in negative ways First off, social networking can be disrespectful when mourning the death of a loved one. Ham also states that "Facebook is such a natural extension

Adolescence in the Bell Jar and Catcher in the Rye

5752 words - 23 pages Adolescence in the Bell Jar and Catcher in the Rye Adolescence is the period between puberty and adulthood. Every teenager experience this moment in life differently some sail through happily to carry on with a peaceful life where as others are less fortunate and find that this moment is much more harder and stressful then they thought. Esther Greenwood and Holden Caulfield are one of the less fortunate and have bad experiences through

Similar Essays

Callous Unemotional Traits In Antisocial Behaviour Assessment, Personality & Psychopathology Unsw Essay

2397 words - 10 pages /10.1016/j.neubiorev.2016.09.022 Frick, P. J. & White, S. (2008). Research Review: The importance of callous-unemotional traits for developmental models of aggressive and antisocial behavior. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 49(4), 359-375. Frick, P. J., Kimonis E. R., Dandreaux, D. M., & Farell, J. M. (2003) The 4-year stability of psychopathic traits in non-referred youth, Behavioural

Risk And Resilience In Adolescence Essay

1829 words - 8 pages eliminate negative long term effects (Perkins & Jones , 2004). Moving on to particular risk factors from the wider environment, negative peer influence in adolescence is considered as a factor often leading to problem behaviours such as early sexual engagement and teen pregnancy, initiation of alcohol and substance misuse, antisocial behavior, delinquency, and academic failure (Duncan, Duncan & Stricker, 2000; Perkins & Borden, 2003). However

Depression In Childhood And Adolescence Essay

934 words - 4 pages earlier developmental periods of childhood and adolescence, the neuroregulatory system is not equivalent to that in adulthood. Thus, while many workers still find evidence for a biological dysfunction in childhood depression, a translation of the adult findings would not be sufficient. Most of the characteristics of adult depression are not present with childhood depression, and vise versa. Social-Psychological Influences Despite much

Social Behavior And Personality In Relation To Social Media Usage

2226 words - 9 pages Results In this study, there were three main SNS that were tested (Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter), that were correlated with the big five personality traits (conscientiousness, openness, agreeableness, extraversion, and neuroticism). The openness hypothesis that those who were more open would follow more celebrities was only marginally significant for Twitter (r = .35). Openness and a large social network was found to not be significant. The