Peloponnesian War Essay

2706 words - 11 pages

Dating back to 449 B.C., Sparta and Athens always had an alliance, but as time grew that balance slowly began to fall as one felt threatened by another. Before any sight of unsteadiness the Spartans and Athenians had a bound partnership. Beginning after their domination of the Persian war, the two states slowly became aware of one another’s growing power. More time went by, and the Spartans began to grow conscious of the other states, feeling wary and paranoid around them (Fox, 170). No state was particularly to blame for the strain on their peace treaty, nor for the war, it came as the two states developed. Eventually the two states had clashed enough and declared war. Although the Spartans gave the Athenians a chance to back down and temporarily stall war, the two states would never be equal, their allies resented one another far too much. The growing urge for power was bound to take over sooner or later. Finally, after 7 years of uneasy tension, Sparta could wait no longer and declared war against Athens (Fox, 167). Although the Athenians and Spartans lived together in peace for so long, they existed in a fragile balance that was bound to eventually lead to war.
Although the Spartans and Athenians fought for almost 20 years, there was a time when they lived in harmony. Almost 15 years before any disturbances the Athenians and Spartans fought together in the Persian war. During the Persian war, the Spartans were thriving in their fight against the Persians, however over time the Persians began to grow stronger. After being to lose their fighting streak, the Athenians came in to help the Spartans and bring an end to Persian dominance once and for all (The Delian League, 1). After defeating the Persians in 449 B.C., the Athenians and Spartans were closer than ever and they thought they had no struggle with one another. They shared rules and laws and even signed a peace treaty, promising peace between one another. The two states also introduced one another to their allies and brought them together to create the Delian League (Esler, 128). The league further bound their alliance and tightened their friendship. However as time grew, a civil war was brewing and piece-by-piece the concoction began to show. One of their differences was their way of doing things. The Spartans were a much fiercer group; they were the strength of the alliance (Kagan, 150). They had a large army, which served as a greater power on land. Yet, the Athenians were just as strong, however their strength was their navy. Having the disadvantage, the Athenians represented more of the brains than the brawns in the friendship. This caused the, balance the Athenians had their strength and the Spartans had theirs, however, this balance was exceptionally fragile; it was bound to be broken. Although they were destined to have problems they continued to stay strong for a few years, neither attempted to truly over power one another. However, it was the subtle effort to show...

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