The more I look in the effect global warming and what climate change does to penguins, the more amazed I was to learn of the effects. Not thinking much about global warming and how we, as human beings, can effect this topic in such a huge way. Just by doing simple things such as fishing, driving are cars and not recycling.
Penguins are affected by the climate change that takes place in the world. Due to global warming around the planet, their natural environment is exaggerated. Those species that live in the extremely cold regions depend on the ice because it is what they live on for most of the time to stay alive. When the ice is melting at faster rates it completely changes their natural environment.
“Penguins are a highly endangered group”. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, the world authority on the status of threatened species: “11 of 18 penguin species are declining and considered an extinction risk, Two of the species are considered stable, The population status of the remaining five is unknown.” Studies have linked climate change to past, ongoing, and projected population drops of many penguin species. Because penguins live in different ocean habitats of the Southern Hemisphere, climate change affects penguins in these regions in different ways.
Penguins are found almost entirely in the Southern Hemisphere. Penguins are commonly linked with Antarctica, penguins are found in an assortment of environments in the Southern Hemisphere. Eighteen different penguin species populate areas from Antarctica to the Equator. Four penguin species are raise in Antarctica and the Antarctic islands. Most penguin species breed on islands in the Antarctic waters of the Antarctic Ocean, the South Atlantic Ocean, the South Pacific Ocean, and the Southern Indian Ocean. Numerous penguin species are only on the coastlines and islands of Australia and New Zealand. The most northerly penguins breed along the warmer coasts of South America and Africa.
Penguin’s wings have become useless for flight. Making penguins remarkably adapt to swimming and diving. Most penguins can swim up to 35 kilometers per hour and dive to depths of more than 520 meters to find food, deeper than any other bird. Penguins must return to land or sea ice to have their babies, being famous for their accomplishments of strength as parents. Some penguin raises its chick on top of the frozen ocean among winter temperatures as low as negative 60 degrees Celsius and winds of 195 kilometers per hour. For two months, the male will not eat while taking on the sole duty of protecting the egg. Interesting fact, he must balance the egg on top of his feet to protect it from the ice below.
Climate change is distressing penguins in the Antarctic continent by the waters and land warming the fastest in decades, but the Antarctic Peninsula is warming faster than any other place in the Southern Hemisphere. The warming in the sea ice along the western Antarctic Peninsula is making...