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Pensamiento Critico Essay

6104 words - 24 pages

Los cimientos científicos de una nueva teoría educativa
Maria Consuelo de la Torre Tomás Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
RESUMEN. El artículo pretende analizar, desde una perspectiva global, la actual situación de la
Teoría de la Educación. Para ello se ha estructurado el trabajo en dos parte diferencia- das. Una primera en la que, de una manera genérica y rápida, se realiza una revisión de la evolución epistemológica del área de conocimiento. Una segunda parte, en la que se elaboran una serie de reflexiones personales .alrededor de la necesidad de un cambio, partiendo de la validez teórica de los sistemas complejos, para reivindicar una nueva ciencia empírica de la educación.
PALABRAS CLAVE. Evolución epistemológica, sistemas complejos, competencias docentes, competencias discentes, ciencia empírica.
ABSTRACT. The article analyse, from an global perspective, the actual situation of Educational
Theory. This work has been structured in two differentiated parts. The first one, in a generic and quick way, carried out ofthe epistemological evolution ofthis knowledge area. The second part devises series of personal reflections around complex systems theoretical validity for future building of new empiric science of education.
KEY WORDS. Epistemological evolution, complex systems, teaching competences, leaming competences, empiric science.
Tendencias Pedagógicas 11, 2006. 15

Maria Consuelo de la Torre Tomás
INTRODUCCION
El fenómeno educativo es consustancial a la aparición de la mente moderna, que supone la creación de significados simbólicos y su transmisión. Según los antropólo- gos, la emergencia del lenguaje y la capacidad para crear y enseñar los depósitos exter- nos de información que hacen referencia a logros culturales (costumbres alimenticias, instrumentos de caza, adornos, creencias religiosas, etc), constituyen el núcleo dife- rencial frente al resto de los primates. La educación, la transmisión entre generaciones de estos depósitos compartidos de información, para garantizar la supervivencia de la especie, es la clave de la evolución individual y social.
La especie "horno sapiens" procesa los "bits" sensoriales, a través de estructuras mentales que permiten autoorganizar las informaciones dependientes de la experien- cia, de manera que se infieran nuevas relaciones sobre dicha realidad física, teniendo como resultado de todo ello la construcción de un medio artificial. La educación inten- cional ha preservado esos depósitos de información externa, que son el producto de las mentes más capaces y que ahorran energías y esfuerzos a nivel intergeneracional e intrageneracional, desarrollando modos específicos de influir...

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