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Peplau’s Theory Of Interpersonal Relations Applied In The Nursing Practice

679 words - 3 pages

Theories exist in all types of professions. A theory was created to get a better grasp or understanding of a phenomenon (Potter, Perry, Stockert, & Hall, 2013). A nursing theory uses this idea to clarify and develop an aspect of nursing (Potter et al., 2013). There are many different nursing theories that help nurses understand the nursing practice. The theory that lays down the foundation for nursing is Hildegard Peplau’s theory of interpersonal relationships. Peplau’s theory describes the nurse-patient relationship and the nurses’ roles defined by three different phases of: orientation, working phase, and termination (Peplau, 1997). This theory can then be applied in the nursing practice ...view middle of the document...

Next, the nurse becomes a counselor and is there for the patient if they might want to discuss their personal needs (Peplau, 1997). The third phase is the termination phase where they work together to accomplish closure in understanding and well-being (Peplau, 1997). This theory thus provides ideas vital to the nursing profession.
Peplau’s theory can be directly incorporated into the nursing profession through the nursing process and the work environment. During the assessment in the nursing process, nurses can use Peplau’s guidelines to connect with the patient to get essential information. People need relationships with others for connectedness, support and self esteem (Peplau, 1997). The nurse will notice their own verbal and nonverbal behavior to make sure that the patient doesn’t feel uncomfortable. They will also instill good communication techniques to build the nurse-patient bond. In Maslow’s hierarchy, the patient is in the 3rd level needing belonging and relationship (Potter et al., 2013). The nurse will become the counselor or teacher, to get the patient, by the time of discharge, to Maslow’s 4th level of...

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