Over the years, there is a need to improve the quality of education. Schools are encouraged to adapt grade retention to set academic standards. Moreover, when a student has failed to meet grade-level competencies, retaining the child is one of the considered solution for development. And more understanding of the set of courses of the retained grade that will help the students to be prepared to attain the academic and social standards of the succeeding level, in that way the prospect of intellectual and social success will rise (Hughes. 2008).
According to Jimerson, Woehr, Kaufman & Anderson (2004), the use of grade retention has increased in the past 25 years, regardless of the research that did not succeed to prove its usefulness. About 2 million students are being retained every year, and students that are held back before ninth grade is ranging between 30% to 50%. Research proved that retention grade is an ineffective strategy to one’s success, though some may see it as a solution on standards and accountability. There is clearly no involvement that will be an effective solution to the specific needs of all low-achieving students. Furthermore, based on U.S. National Center for Education Statistics (2006), about 9.6% of youth going in ages between 16 to 19 were being retained in 2004. It shows that the highest retention rates are seen between deprived minors.
As written in College Student Handbook in De La Salle Lipa, students must obtain grades of at least 2.50 in all their first year, second year, and third year levels ECE licensure- related courses as defined in the ECE licensure examination syllabi in order to be retained in the BSECE program. Students who failed to meet the retention requirement for the ECE-licensure related courses are obliged to repeat a particular course to get the required grade. The policy of having the retention grade in BSECE in De La Salle Lipa was originated in 2008, and the first batch who undergoes this requirement is the 5th year ECE students of SY 2013-2014.
In the present implementation of grade retention in BSECE program, it helps the students to maintain their excellence in academics. By the time, the proposed abolishment of retention grade be approved, the preservation of the first-rate performance in licensure exam of BSECE graduates will slowly decline.
The retention grade assists the student to have a greater chance to meet the expected knowledge that they should acquire at the end of the semester. However, most of the ECE students have a tendency to drop out or shift into related Engineering fields such as BS Industrial and Electrical Engineering, when failed to meet the required grade in their major subjects. This result in decreasing of ECE students and provides a low percentage of the possible licensure examination takers which can further cause a small possibility to a positive result of the examination. Due to the diminishing numbers of ECE students that are either shifting or dropping...