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Perceptiveness On Civilization And Savagery Of Human Nature Reflected From William Golding's Lord Of The Flies

10966 words - 44 pages

Perceptiveness on Civilization and Savagery of Human'sNature Reflected from William Golding's Lord of the FliesIntroductionLord of the Flies, one of William Golding's many novels, is a well written, well thought out writing that depicts the savagery of human nature. William Golding the man himself is qualified enough to write about such topics because he was involved heavily in W.W.II. This caused Golding's views on life to change to his current philosophy. The shape of society must depend on the ethical nature of individual and not on any political system, however, apparently logical or respectable. The framework of a Golding novel is simple and most often copied from an outside source, then reshape to fit his purpose. The Lord of the Flies is a sarcastic imitation of the popular 19th century adventure story Coral Island by R.M.Ballantyne. In Ballantyne's tale, a group of shipwrecked English boys reach a tropical island and soon organize themselves into a reasonable imitation of the pious Victorian English society. The novel intends to show that the English people had reached the highest point of evolution in the world, and they were a splendid example to all others because of their "nature" superiority.The time gap between the two books is about 100 years, but the numerous disasters and crises the Western society had undergone made the story of Coral Island shallow and hypocritical, sensitive intellectuals were thrown into deep disillusionment, and Golding was one of them. So he deliberately rewrote this story and set an opposite ending for it.The overriding theme of the novel is conflict between two competing impulses that exist within all human beings; the instinct to live by rules, act peacefully, follow moral commands, and value the good of the group on the one hand; and the instinct to gratify one's immediate desires, act violently to obtain supremacy over others, and enforce one's will on the other. These two instincts may be called "the instinct of civilization" and "the instinct of savagery," as one is devoted to values that promote ordered society and the other is devoted to values that threaten ordered society. The conflict might also be expressed as order vs. chaos, reason vs. impulse, law vs. anarchy, or in any number of other ways, including the more generalized good vs. evil. Throughout the novel, the instinct of civilization is associated with goodness, while the instinct of savagery is associated with evil.The conflict between the two instincts is the driving force of the novel, explored through the dissolution of the young English boy's civilized, moral, disciplined behavior as they accustom themselves to a wild, brutal, barbaric life as savages in the jungle. Lord of the Flies is an allegorical novel, which means that its main ideas and themes are frequently represented by mystical and abstract expression. Appropriately, the conflict between civilization and savagery is represented most directly by the novel's two main...

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