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Performance Enhancing Drugs Essay

3521 words - 15 pages

Everyone has that one person who they look up to and considers them their role model. They will then do whatever they can to be just like that person. Many tri-athletes and cyclists might have looked up to Lance Armstrong as a role model since he was successful and started training at such a young age. The United States Olympic Development team invited him to train as a cyclist, which then placed eleventh in the World Championship Road Race with the best time any American has ever had” (“Lance Armstrong Biography”). In 1991, Armstrong “competed in his first Tour DuPont, a long and difficult race covering 1,085 miles, in which he finished middle in the pack” (“Lance Armstrong Biography”). He did not do as well as he hoped but in his second Tour DuPont in 1993, “he came in second” (“Lance Armstrong Biography”). Armstrong was also successful in his “first-ever Tour de France, considered cycling’s most prestigious event, winning his most important race yet: The World Road Race Championship in Oslo, Norway” (“Lance Armstrong Biography”). Even though he was happy with that race, Armstrong “was frustrated by his near miss, at his next Tour DuPont, that he trained with vengeance for the next year’s event” (“Lance Armstrong Biography”). Sure enough the hard training paid off because Armstrong “won that next year, finishing ahead of his closest rival” (“Lance Armstrong Biography”). However despite all the success he had in his early life, “Armstrong was diagnosed with testicular cancer and had to go through intensive treatment” (“Lance Armstrong Biography”). When Armstrong returned to competition in 2008, “he had been under intense speculation that he used performance-enhancing drugs from 1999-2005 and in that period was the time he won the Tour de France seven consecutive time” (“Lance Armstrong Biography”). Many people were not happy with these speculations and “were planning to testify against Armstrong and take away his titles” (“Lance Armstrong Biography”). Shortly after the findings, the International Cycling Union “stripped Armstrong of his seven Tour de France victories and banned him the sport for life” (“Lance Armstrong Biography”). A couple years later during a television interview with Oprah Winfrey, “Armstrong admitted to using performance-enhancing drugs throughout his career, stating that he took the hormone cortisone, testosterone, Erythropoietin (EPO), and conducted blood transfusions to boost oxygen levels” (“Lance Armstrong Biography”). No wonder Lance Armstrong performed so well as a cyclist. Many still consider him as a role model for the accomplishments he had even though he used performance enhancers. One of the performance enhancers he used was EPO and according to the National Colleigate Athletic Association website, EPO is not on the list of banned and illegal performance enhancers and drugs to use. So does this mean it would have been okay for athletes, such as Lance Armstrong, to only use EPO for performances?
Many may wonder...

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