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Performance Enhancing Drugs In Baseball Essay

2305 words - 10 pages

At age 16, Taylor Hooton was 6 feet 2 inches tall and weighed 180 pounds. Hooton was a pitcher for his high school baseball team. His baseball coach told him that if he wanted to be an all-star player, he would have to get bigger. (Ingram) Taylor decided to take steroids orally and by injection at the same time, to get bigger. During the winter of 2003 Taylor gained 30 pounds of muscle. (Ingram) Taylor’s attitude took a dramatic turn. He started punching through walls when angry and yelling at his closest friends. (Ingram) When he decided to stop using steroids he became severely depressed and a month after his 17th birthday, he committed suicide. (Ingram) His coach pressured him take ...view middle of the document...

Professional athletes make millions of dollars, so money really isn't an issue for them. Since steroids are man-made substances, athletes usually just buy them from a doctor not close to the sport they play. Obviously, if they went to the team doctor to obtain something like this they would most likely get caught. These drugs, once obtained from a doctor, can be taken through an injection, a pill, or even a cream you can rub on your body. There are many different types of steroids, which all have the same effect on your body.
Along with steroids in baseball, there is also other performance enhancing drugs that players use to perform better during baseball games. Human Growth Hormones are a big performance enhancing drug in particular. They act the same as steroids, but are much harder to detect. Only certain blood tests can show if a player has been taking Human Growth Hormones, as apposed to just a simple urine sample would be able to tell if a player has been taking steroids. (Straudohar) More minor and major league players use Human Growth Hormones or HGH as it's more commonly know because it is harder to detect
Major League Baseball just came out with a new joint drug prevention and treatment program on Saturday, March, 29th 2014, that says,
“A first time performance enhancing drug substance violation under the Joint Drug Program will now result in an unpaid 80 game suspension. A players second violation will result in an unpaid 162 game suspension. A third violation will result in a permanent suspension from Major League Baseball. Also a player who is suspended for a violation involving a performance enhancing substance will be ineligible to participate in the Postseason.” ("Introducing the New At Bat.")
Under the old joint drug prevention and treatment program,
“Each of the 1,200 or so players on the major league 40-man rosters will undergo at least one unannounced test during the playing season. In addition players will be subjected to random testing during the off season, no matter where they live. First time offenders will be suspended for 10 days without pay. A second offense carries a 30-day suspension, a third offense will cost 60 days, and a fourth offense will result in a one- year banishment, all without pay. The penalty for a fifth offense will be at the discretion of the Commissioner, and will likely be a lifetime ban from the game.” (Staudohar)
So the the new joint drug prevention and treatment program really made a difference on how long the suspensions were for the players using steroids. It's a step in the right direction for making the sport a clean drug free sport.
In 1998, Mark McGwire and Sammy Sosa both broke the single season homerun record which stood at 61, as set by Roger Marris. McGwire had 70 and Sosa had 66. Just three years later, in the 2001 season Barry Bonds broke the record by hitting 73 homeruns. Bonds and Sosa were both linked to steroid use and McGwire admitted in 2010...

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